Baobao 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

一把"抓"的動詞差異

我想要了解seize, grab, grasp, grip, clutch, snatch

這幾個動詞在用法上的差異,

因為它們都有"抓住"的意思,

除了seize the day, grasp at a straw 這些用法是固定之外,

上述動詞在一般句子中都可以互相代換用嗎?

還有哪些片語是固定用法,用字不可互相取代呢?

請多多舉例, 非常感謝!

3 個解答

評分
  • PONY
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    1. seize 常用慣用語 (按使用頻率高低) Seize the opportunity; seize the moment; seize the day; seize the attention; seize the (spot)light; seize the challenge; seize the future…etc. (Seize the day or die regretting the time you lost.)http://lilywhitewash.wordpress.com/2011/06/18/seiz... other Democrats seized the opportunity to grab the spotlight.As a photographer, you need to know how to seize the light to take a good picture.I can’t waste perfect light. With the palest early morning yellow streaming through the window, I grabbed my camera, pulled some flowers from the vase and photographed them, just held up to the window. (Pls find the 8th photo.)http://findbook.tw/book/9780697143617/basic 2. grab最常被grab的具體物件、人 (按使用頻率高低):to grab a phone/gun/door/handle/key/bottle/microphone/wheel/camerato grab a man/woman/boy/girl常被grab的抽像物件(按使用頻率高低)to grab attention/spotlight How do you grab the attention of thousands of people who might not have ever heard your music before? 3. grasp常被grasp的幾乎皆是抽像的概念 (按使用頻率高低):To grasp the concept/meaning/significance/idea/importance/magnitude/fact; essence/implication/reality/depth/situation/complexity…etc. 也能grasp具體的bar/handle,或grasp at a straw但是機率相對少很多It's easier for me to grasp the concept when I can see a picture. 4. clutch (人) 抓緊(She’s clutching a bag.)http://www.jessicabags.me/replica-bags-2/jimmy-cho... the wheel/baby/dog/doll/ball 等具體東西。I drove home, my hands clutching the wheel with a white-knuckled grip as I fought to hold myself together. (從此句可看出, grip是抓得比clutch緊很多)She shivered uncontrollably in her heavy gowns and clutched the baby close to share what little warmth she had. 5. grip 常用來形容有利爪動物,如貓、熊等,特別是在垂直爬上大樹時,亦步亦驅都要「緊緊抓緊」樹幹的動作。以此類推,人學他們爬樹或是吊單槓時,也是做類似「緊緊抓住、不能鬆手」的gripping. Cats can grip with their front paws with more than just flexibility. (The cat is gripping)http://whatiscat.com/2011/08/teeth-and-claws.html/

    2011-11-04 16:03:56 補充:

    snatch請參意見欄

    2011-11-04 16:05:10 補充:

    6. snatch

    強調「突然快速或用力地」攫取、奪去的動作,所以常用在警急、急速時情況,或老鷹快速從天而降獵食魚或小動物的動作。也因此後面常接的介系詞有,to snatch Sth from Sb; snatch Sth away; snatch Sth down etc.

    2011-11-04 16:06:01 補充:

    (A bald eagle is snatching a fish from the water.)

    http://www.visualphotos.com/image/2x2713642/bald_e...

    2011-11-04 16:06:18 補充:

    Elisabeth rushed to her and snatched the paper out of her tiny hands. She quickly rolled it up. (rushed的急促)

    He snatched the paper away from Lisa and hurried to his room. (rushed的匆促)

    The wind snatched the paper loose, whirling it away into the dark. (wind的快速)

  • 8 年前

    Seize: verb

    To take hold of a thing SUDDENLY, FORCIBLY, or EAGERLY. for example:

    Government seized all his possession due to his illegal activity.

    Panic seized us.

    Swimmer was seized by a cramp.

    Grab: verb and noun

    to grasp suddenly, or to operate suddenly or jerkily. For example:

    I am going to grab bite. (I am going to get something to eat in a hurry).

    The brake is grabbing.

    How does that music grab you?

    Grasp: verb and noun

    To hold firmly, especially with one's hand or arm, to understand.

    He grasped on the tree limb with his dear life.

    He couldn't grasp what we meant.

    He has a thorough grasp of his subject.

    Grip: verb and noun

    to take a firm hold, tool

    He has lost his grip on himself.

    This device grips things well.

    Clutch: verb and noun

    to grasp tightly.

    Manual transmission has a clutching movement.

    Snatch: verb and noun

    To seize quickly and eagerly.

    Eager snatched a fish from the lake as it flied over the surface of the water.

    These words are all very close in its meaning. However, sometimes the difference is

    (1)the way it holds the object,

    like "grasp" is by hand or arm, but "snatch" is by "claws"

    (2)how it gets the object,

    like "seize" is suddenly, so is "snatch", but seize is by weapon type of

    power, and "snatch" is by the one's own power.

    (3)some can with mechanical thing, some can not:

    like "clutch" use with transmission movement, but none of the above

    can.

    (4)some can be used in a conceptual situation, some cannot

    like "lost grip on himself", but you can use "snatch", or "clutch"

    for this type of usage.

    Of course, some of them can interchange, however, even though they can be interchangeable, but it is only for specific situation, not in general. I can only give you a general idea. You should pay attention to their usage in a daily life, so you would have better idea. My saying here is only a tip of the iceberg for using these verb

    參考資料: self
  • 8 年前

    還有hold 和 grapple.

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