Baobao 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

"狡"兔有三窟的用法差異

我想要知道所有跟"狡滑的,機敏的,奸巧的"這些形容詞在意思上,程度上的差異,

如wily, tricky, cunning, crafty, sly, foxy, clever, shifty, slippery, artful, canny

請從最奸詐排到最不奸詐,

還請多多透過句子舉例, 非~常~感~謝~!

已更新項目:

各位大大,

本人的見聞非常有限,我也知道要多看文章,可是畢竟一個人的時間很有限, 看不了那麼多的文章,而且我又不是退休人士,可以留給自己很多時間,所以才來"知識家"求教,如果我的統整分析能力很強的話,就不會發問了! 我不是來亂的, 各方意見我都願意虛心受教,但是不要打擊想求知的心! 請願意協助解答的人士不吝幫忙!

Baobao 敬上

2 個已更新項目:

這個問題自從張貼之後因為收到一些看法,所以我想我調整一下我的問法好了,因為答這一題的時間可以拿來答其他十多題也說不定,可能答題者會覺得很不划算,不過還是希望各位大大能夠"加減倒三缸"! 如果大家一起把它解出來,也可以造福其他有相同疑惑的網友啊!

我的新問法如下:

請您就上述的形容詞當中任選您最熟悉的幾個加以比較或分析或分類(正面/負面;襃詞/貶詞;whatever you like), 並請提供例句喲,謝謝!

5 個解答

評分
  • PONY
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    The authors, though unknown, of the renowned Aesop Fables伊索寓言, were so clever that they came up with stories in an artful way to reveal its embedded moral in each individual story. For instance, the story of 《The fox and the stork鸛》, in which it depicts that a sly fox invited a hungry stork to dinner. However, due to the fact that the stork’s beak was too long to eat from the fox’s shallow dish, she was annoyed with the cunning fox who tricked her. Finally the stork successfully repeated a similar crafty move in retaliation for the tricky fox’s plot. In both Chinese and western fairy tales, foxes or wolves are often referred to as canny animals with slippery eyes, wearing crafty smiles, and asking slippery questions in a shifty tone, like the wolf in the Little Red Riding Hood.In the late 90’ , there used to be an American film, Free Willy,mainly focused on a talented, wily whale whose name was Willy (note: implying it’s wily as well). For more information, please click at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_WillyRoughly, all of these adjectives can be categorized as below:category 1:positive (what you admire to be and yet not everyone can achieve that level)clever (5219*) : (note: the number with asterisks represent the word frequency out of American Corpus. The higher the frequency, the more probably we’re encouraged to apply it. ) These are very intelligent physicians who have come up with very clever sounding theories on paper.Emperor: I hereby declare that Rat will represent the first year of my zodiac calendar. Anyone born in this year will be clever like Rat.artful (698*):clever at deceiving peoplecategory 2: negative (we might look down upon it if someone has such a personality trait. )sly (1744*) , cunning (1083*) ; tricky (3104*); foxy (335*); shifty (275*); canny (381*)

    ….category 3 to be continued

    2011-11-08 21:21:18 補充:

    category 3: wily (474*)

    some where in between the negative and the positive; however, it really depends who or what target you want to describe. We can say someone is a wily politician (lawyer; strategist) or we can say it’s a wily dolphin or whale.

    2011-11-08 21:21:33 補充:

    The funny thing is that when it comes to humankind, “wily” seems to be a very negative word, while talking about animals, it’s more likely to be a positive one.

    2011-11-08 21:22:51 補充:

    In a nutshell, occasionally two people might give different interpretations to the same incident they came across. Once I found a young student got caught cheating on an English exam for writing down some new vocabulary words on his palms.

    2011-11-08 21:23:12 補充:

    I personally perceived it’s a bad conduct while one of my friends’ daughters, a 18-year-old girl, commented the boy was ‘clever’.

  • 8 年前

    You call that tricky, I call it smart. How do you call a man with 3 houses? You call him rich; I call him brat.

  • 8 年前

    wily是「權謀」

    tricky也是,cunning也是。

    主要是裦詞和貶詞的差別。

    楊甦棣形容宋楚瑜wily(權謀),宋楚瑜可以這樣說,"Who is not wily?"(「哪一個政治人物不權謀?」)

  • s
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    這些字不見得有一樣的含意或是程度不同. 端看用的時候是不是夠巧.

    如crafty 或是artful用在形容某人的創作時(尤其是業餘的人), 就有讚美的意思, 沒有狡猾的含意. 如果是形容某個詐騙的方式, 應該是翻譯成"技巧高超". - 算是狡猾嗎? 我認為有點遠.

    clever是指聰敏, 如果形容正面的事情時, 那是讚美. 如果拿來形容小朋友作的小壞事, 也不算是狡猾...

    多讀一些英文文章自然能夠了解. 如果只是用中文翻譯來記字, 你的英文怎麼學都會是"中式英文"...

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  • 8 年前

    BaoBao, you like to ask these headache questions :-( ...

    This one I like to see how other masters say about it ...

    2011-11-05 10:07:45 補充:

    If I keep answering this kind of questions, my brain will get haywire.

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