Strillian 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

請問broke'broken的差別在哪?

請問broke'broken的差別在哪?

過去分詞,跟 過去式,不知道是哪裡不一樣,我希望講的越詳細越好。

My glasses were broken

是在講[我的眼鏡壞掉了]

因為我越來越搞不清楚了,可是為什麼這裡不能用過去式?

可是知識+有人說 一個是[限定動詞]一個是[非限定動詞]

不是都發生在過去嗎?

5 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    broke, broken是動詞break的過去式及過去分詞,可以參與動詞的時態變化,同時這兩個字也各自是形容詞。所以你要看上下文的關係來決定他們是屬於那一種用法。

    break可以當及物或不及物動詞用。

    當及物時,會有受詞,可以寫作被動態。

    Break the spaghetti in half and put it into the boiling water.

    Don't play with the camera. You will break it!

    Elliot claims that his business partner broke her contract.(過去式)

    Twenty years in prison had not broken his spirit. (過去分詞組成動詞被動詞組:過去完成式)

    當不及物用:

    Older bones tend to break more easily.

    We used to have a toaster, but it broke.(過去式)

    broke當形容詞(非正式用語)

    Can you lend me five dollars. I'm completely broke.

    The company went broke earlier this year.

    broken當形容詞

    He had several broken ribs and a suspected broken leg. (過去分詞當名詞的修飾語)

    In broken English she asked them for directions.

    You can't use the microwave. It's broken. (過去分詞當主詞補語,屬形容詞性質。)

    2011-11-14 15:25:05 補充:

    My glasses were broken!這裡的broken是主詞補語,屬於形容詞。

    整句話是在講一個狀況。因為不是動作,所以就沒有被動的考量。

    2011-11-14 15:34:27 補充:

    The glass slipped from her hand and broke into a dozen pieces.

    在當不及物動詞時,broke這個[過去簡單式]是可以像上面這樣寫的。

    所以你可以用簡單過去式來說:My glassess broke into serveral pieces yesterday.

    這是在講一個破裂的動作。

    但如果只寫My glasses broke.有句意不周全的問題。

    2011-11-14 18:35:38 補充:

    .......破成好幾片。

    參考資料: Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 2007 edition
  • 4 年前

    一個是破壞 一個是壞掉

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    1. 動詞三態 :brake--broke--broken

    2. 該動詞除了是不及物、及物動詞外,可當作格動詞使用,也就是你所問的"可是為什麼這裡不能用過去式 ?"

    3.各種用法如下:

    不及物動詞:My glasses were broken.

    及物動詞:My glasses were broken by him.

    作格動詞:My glasses broke yesterday.-----

    2011-11-15 09:23:32 補充:

    It broke.

    It broke the window.二者都對,因為 broke 可當不及物、及物動詞,這就是 作格動詞特性-

    She ate.

    She ate the soup.亦同-----

    2011-11-26 10:39:35 補充:

    My glasses broke.是正確的,這就是 作格動詞--------

  • 8 年前

    broke into serveral pieces 這段我就不會翻譯了

    因為加了into的關西

    serveral pieces 有好幾片,想不太出來怎麼翻譯!

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  • Lina
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    My glasses were broken. 這裡broken是過去分詞當形容詞用.翻譯為: 破掉的.

    broke過去..時候 "打破" ...I broke the door yesterday.

    參考資料: ...
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