宗弘 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

聖誕老人的由來 翻譯(英翻中)

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Most religious historians and experts in folklore believe that there is no valid evidence to indicate that St. Nicholas ever existed as a human. In fact, there are quite a few indicators that his life story was simply recycled from those of Pagan gods. Many other ancient Pagan gods and goddesses were similarly Christianized in the early centuries of the Church. His legends seems to have been mainly created out of myths attributed to the Greek God Poseidon, the Roman God Neptune, and the Teutonic God Hold Nickar. The Christian church created a fictional life history for St. Nicholas. He was given the name Hagios Nikolaos (a.k.a. St. Nicholas of Myra).

Many legends and miracles are attributed to Saint Nicholas.When he was an infant, his mother only nursed him on Wednesdays and Fridays; he fasted the remaining days. During his lifetime, he adored children and often threw gifts anonymously into the windows of their homes. A sailor who fell overboard was reputedly saved by Nicholas when the saint walked on water, retrieved the sailor and carried him back to the ship. After an innkeeper had robbed & dismembered some students, Nicholas reputedly re-assembled them and restored them to life. Nicholas took pity on a poverty-stricken family with 3 daughters who faced the threat of being forced into prostitution because they had no wedding dowries. For two daughters he crept-up to their house at night and threw bags of gold through a bedroom window. For the last daughter, he threw a bag of gold down the chimney -- which landed in a stocking she had set by the fireplace for drying. The traditional association of chimneys & stockings with Santa Claus comes from this story. Nicholas was also noted for his generosity with children -- he would reward them with treats if they had studied their catechism & behaved well. Nicholas was therefore patron saint of schoolchildren & sailors.

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  • 9 年前
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    最虔誠的宗教的歷史學家和民間傳說中的專家認為,沒有有效的證據顯示聖尼古拉斯曾經存在作為人類。事實上,有很多指標他的人生故事是從異教神只是再生。其他許多古代異教神和女神同樣被 Christianized 在早期的幾個世紀的教堂。他的傳說似乎有主要是創造出來的歸因於希臘神海神號、 羅馬神內普丘恩和十字軍神持有 Nickar 的神話。基督教教會為聖尼古拉斯創建虛構的生活史。他在給定名稱沙尼古勞斯 · 瑪 (即聖尼古拉斯的拉)。

    由於許多傳說和奇跡聖 Nicholas.When 他是一個嬰兒,他母親只看護他在星期三和星期五 ;他禁食餘下的日子。在他的一生,他崇拜兒童,常常把禮物匿名扔進他們家的窗戶。當聖走在水面上,檢索水手帶他回船上落水的水手據說保存的奎。客棧了搶劫和肢解一些學生後,奎據說 re-assembled 他們,並恢復了他們的生活。奎同情一個貧困的家庭有 3 人面臨威脅被迫賣淫,因為他們有沒有結婚嫁妝的女兒。為兩個女兒他悄悄走他們的房子在夜間和臥室的窗戶丟金袋。最後一個女兒,他扔了一袋金進煙囪裡 — — 降落在她已經建立在乾燥的壁爐旁放養的。聖誕老人與煙囪和絲襪的傳統關聯來自這個故事。奎還指出他的慷慨的孩子--他將獎勵他們對待與如果他們已經研究他們的教理和舉止一直很好。因此,奎是小學生和水手們的守護神。

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