Silence 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

even if 跟even though還有假設句問題下

Q1.

even if

even though

這兩個為什麼放句中有時候有逗號有時候沒有呢?

還是要不要加都可以@@?===========================

Q2.

上次我問了一題還搞不清楚

If I had taken your proposal, then I ___ have been happier.

這種的假設句有人說要用would

說什麼是表示義務的行為 才用SHOULD 可是我還是不了解

能否誰提供一些假設句型 主句使用should句型我看下

越多句型越好 不然一直無法知道哪種時候要使用SHOULD 跟WOULD搞混

(而且上面那個還是書本上的例子呢 不是我自己寫的 才感覺書也會出錯)

不管誰會的...幫我解答一下拜託感謝:)

已更新項目:

to ls老師 感謝 那

should只會出現在做為附屬子句的條件句中,代表說話者認為這條件是不可能出現的。不會放在結果句裡(即主句裡),主句是用助動詞would/could等來表示不可能。

看到您這段話 那這種句型 我語法書上有出現 主句是SHOULD的 不就都全錯 必須要更改為WOULD才合理@@?

2 個已更新項目:

If I had a house, I should be very happy.

If I were you, I shouldn't do that.

If it had not been raining, we should have gone for a picnic.

If I had had time, I should have come.

類似這種的 都用WOULD才對 老師您意思是這樣麼?:)

3 個已更新項目:

to ls老師老師

那您是說虛擬條件句主要字句還是會有出現should的情況嗎?

那是要哪種語氣才要使用的呢? 這個是我目前傷腦經的問題的說...

請教老師幫我解答下:)))

4 個已更新項目:

to ls老師

用在[假設語氣]:You should have taken my advice.(與現實不符)

所以說should還是不適合用在一切的假設語氣麼@@?

5 個已更新項目:

應該說should不適合用在 IF 假設語氣的主要子句??

6 個已更新項目:

to ls老師

不是不是= =

應該這麼說才對上面那些例子必須要像是

If I had taken your proposal, then I should have been happier.

這句的SHOUDL換成WOULD麼??...

7 個已更新項目:

f I had taken your proposal, then I should have been happier.

If I had taken your proposal, then I would have been happier.

所以ls老師其實這兩個語法上來說 應該都是正確的

差異就如同老師您說的那樣

可是我看了您翻譯之後似乎有點感覺用would比較好??

用SHOULD口氣似乎有點怪?

8 個已更新項目:

to ls老師

看了您的句子 就是說

不管什麼用了should

會變成口氣帶有應該/應當的意思 並不是說完全不能使用

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    1. even if與even though都是用來強調主句不受影響。不論其帶領的子句出現在句前或句後,都會用逗號與主句隔開。

    如:He's determined to prove his innocence, even if he has to go to the highest court in the land.

    Most of us ignore this good advice, even though we know it to be true.

    Even though I have a master's degree in business adminstration, I can't fill out my tax form.

    2. should只會出現在做為附屬子句的條件句中,代表說話者認為這條件是不可能出現的。不會放在結果句裡(即主句裡),主句是用助動詞would/could等來表示不可能。

    如:If the string should break, the skite would fly away from your hand.

    If green plants should disappear some day, there would hardly be any life on the earth.

    Should you need help, don't hesitate to call.=If you should need help, don't hesitate to call.

    2011-11-27 18:55:30 補充:

    對不起,我的思考不周密,沒有考慮到主要子句會用到should。謝謝你提供的例句,讓我得以增廣見聞。

    2011-11-27 20:19:23 補充:

    should除了可以當shall的過去式,用在[直述語氣]裡過去的未來,如:He used a false name so that no one should discover his secret.

    用在[假設語氣]:You should have taken my advice.(與現實不符)

    should可以當沒有時態變化的[助動詞],如:She should see a doctor about that cough.(表示這是我現在的判斷,她應該做)

    用在表示客氣的問句:Should we go now?

    2011-11-27 20:38:06 補充:

    其實would這個字也有和should類似的特性,可當沒有時態變化的助動詞使用。你可以查比較大一點的字典來看例句,及用法說明。

    2011-11-27 22:57:26 補充:

    你給的句子己經是should用在附有條件子句的主要子句了。

    2011-11-28 12:45:24 補充:

    If I had taken your proposal, then I should have been happier.

    如果我當時接受了你的建議,我應該會比較快樂.(我當時沒有接受你的建議,所以我沒有那麼快樂.)

    If I had taken your proposal, then I would have been happier.

    如果我當時接受了你的建議,我就會比較快樂.

    用should時,有我認為是〔應該的〕意思.用would只是表示〔可能〕而已.用在第二人和第三人時特別如此.

    2011-11-28 14:44:05 補充:

    If I had enough money, I would buy a new house.我想我會這麼做.

    If I had enough money, I should buy a new house.我認為我應當這麼做.

    If he had enough money, he would buy a new house.我想他會這麼做.

    If he had enough money, he should buy a new house.我認為他應當這麼做.

    2011-11-28 21:13:28 補充:

    因為有時should代表的是[應該],而would代表的是[意願],所以會影響全句的邏輯和語意。

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