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發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

whether文法

1. no matterwhat the doctor ____, Tom won’t change his minda) say b) will say c) says d) said 2. I don’t know whether he ______to the party or nota) will come b_ comes C) came d) come 3 I am not sure whetherit______ tomorrow. we’d better watch thenews a) rains b) will rain c) rain d) rained 4 whether he_____freetime tomorrow or not , we will go picking, a) has B) will have c) is having d) had 5 whetherit_______tomorrow, I will stay at home and watch TV. a) will rian b) rain c) rains d) rained 我的想法第一題 翻成 “不論”醫生說什麼不論 用現在式答案 第三個第二題 翻成 是否 所以答案 未來式 答案第一個第三題 翻成 是否 所以答案 未來式 答案二個 第四題 翻成 是否 所以答案應該是未來式 第二個 (will have)可是 我的解答說是第一個 現在式為什麼 我的推論有錯嗎 第五題 翻成 如果 所以答案是現在式 第三各 我真正的困惑是在第四題 其他題是我把相關的題目抓出來的請問有人能指出我的問題所在嗎

5 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    先給你一個概念: 未來時間座標上, 表示時間或條件的副詞子句要以現在式帶替未來式, 或(有些情況)以現在進行式帶替未來式.

    回答這種題目有一個訣竅, 就是要先判定是副詞子句才適用.

    第1題: No matter what doctor___, Tom won't.....

    No matter what子句單獨以逗號隔開主要子句, 這就是副詞子句, 填現在式says.

    第2題: I don’t know whether he ______to the party or not.

    whether子句是know的受詞, 是名詞子句而非副詞子句 , 填未來式will come.

    第3題 :I am not sure whether it______ tomorrow.

    這個whether子句接在be sure (of/about)的後面當受詞, 是名詞子句而不是副詞子句, 填未來式will rain.

    第4題 Whether he_____freetime tomorrow or not, we.......

    Whether子句單獨以逗號隔開主要子句, 這就是副詞子句, 填現在式has.

    第5題 Whether it_______tomorrow, I will......

    Whether子句單獨以逗號隔開主要子句, 這就是副詞子句, 填現在式rains.

    很簡單吧? 版主你現在是解答這種題目的專家了!

    2012-01-06 11:17:42 補充:

    上面五題都是表條件, 大多是if, unless, whether (or not), no matter what/when/who/where/

    how, whatever/whenever/whoever/wherever/however開頭的子句..

    表時間的子句舉例, 大多是when, until, till開頭的子句:

    Tell her to wait for me when she comes tomorrow. (而非will come)

    Do not lift the cover until it boils up. (而非will boil)

    參考資料: 羅莉 - 英文文法
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  • 9 年前

    I think DaSaGwa 的意思是

    雖然不知道他明天是否有時間, 但 we will go picking 是發生在知道答案之後,

    也就是說 對我們明天 go picking 的時候來說, "他有時間" 或 "他沒有時間" 已經是一個定局了,所以是現在式

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  • 9 年前

    Bravo+1! Look like another victim of grammar rules! Use logic (like Bravo has indicate) is better than grammar in this case. Don't just see the word "tomorrow", then mechanically determining it must be in future tense (like grammar says).

    2012-01-06 02:33:13 補充:

    You are expressing the "statement" NOW, not in the future. You just use "tomorrow" in your expression, but you are saying it NOW. By the way, the time machine is still not available yet. Therefore, you can not go to the future to make a statement.

    2012-01-06 02:37:07 補充:

    If there will be a person come to explain this in grammar rules, you shall pay attention to whether they actually use theGRAMMAR or the LOGIC! My point is this is very difficult to explain with grammar rules.

    2012-01-06 02:38:37 補充:

    You shall learn it with how Master Bravo has explained, not with the grammar rules people will come to offer.

    2012-01-06 02:50:14 補充:

    Ironically, people tend to accept the explanation by using grammar rules, seldom they will accept the kind of logical explanation.

    2012-01-06 08:31:58 補充:

    Thank you Dark Helmet, you always come to my rescue for my short coming in Chinese typing.

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  • 9 年前

    先回答最困惑你的第4 題

    4 whether he has free time tomorrow or not , we will go...不論他明天有沒有空...

    1. no matter what the doctor says, Tom won’t change his mind不論醫生說什麼...

    2. I don’t know whether he will come to the party or not我不知他明天是否會來參加舞會。3 I am not sure whether it will rain tomorrow. we’d better watch the news

    我不確定明天是否會下雨...5 Whether it rains tomorrow, I will stay at home and watch TV.不論明天會不會下雨...

    Whether 當『不論』時,是條件式。在條件式中,假設未來如何如何,但是使用現在式。

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  • bravo
    Lv 5
    9 年前

    你的問題在於看到will就認定整個場合就是未來式。那可不一定。

    後半句是未來式,但你既然在前半句,也就是今天,就說了,當然可以用現在式啊。注意,你在前半句用了tomorrow,表示你是今天說的。

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