Tony 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

過去式、過去分詞、主被動... 一些英文文法問題!

小弟比較喜歡聽嘻哈樂,所以常常聽到一些令人不解的句子

(雖然也大概知道他們所用的文法本來大多都非正式,但多少還是有疑惑)

言歸正傳:

常常聽到這一句:"you already know"

"already"這個詞是"已經"

那動詞know不需要改成過去分詞嗎?

likes:

"you already known"

還是說要用過去式"knew"就好!?

"i ain't got you"

先把"ain't=還沒"當正式的文法好了!

這句不用把"got you"的got換成原型get嗎?

"我還沒得到你"

還有

"you went away"跟"you gone away"

一個是曾經離開(但有回來)?

另一句是

曾經離開了(到現在)沒回來?

相信台灣對於歐美文化接觸也滿多的,自然聽英文歌的機率也提升。

一些時下的字眼"ain't"這非常流行的字眼卻是非正式的,

寫在作文裡會被改錯,還有現在連電影也看得到。

幾乎他們都說"me and my friends..."

我外國朋友說了我也才發現正式的應該要用"my friends and I..."(你/他/我)

所以怕有一些字眼或是文法、句購會嚐嚐被流行文化誤導!!

再來就是最近才比較稍微搞懂的主、被動都多少還是會有疑惑!!

"she was killed by a murderer."

"她當時被一名殺手殺害"

那"she was killing that murderer."

就是"她當時正再殺害那名殺手"

be + V-ed = 是被動

be + V-ing = 是主動

對嗎!?只是想做個確認,畢竟最近才花點時間搞懂還不是很確定!!

過去分詞的問題

"she became a famous celebrity"

那如果我用become(過去分詞)呢?又或者我加has呢!?

又會有什麼不同?

"i have been to taipei"

那用had為什麼不對呢?

"過去完成式"的時間線是指"過去某一段時間到另一段時間"...

而"過去式"只是過去的那個當下...

是這樣嗎?

by the way

"過去分詞"是什麼意思??

麻煩大大們作一些詳細的解答吧!?

拜託大大了,越詳細、越多例句、越多相關資料越好!

謝謝各位大大!!

20點!!

1 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    一般過去時的用法

    1)在確定的過去時間裡所發生的動作或存在的狀態。

      時間狀語有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982等。

      Where did you go just now?2)表示在過去一段時間內,經常性或習慣性的動作。

      When I was a child, I often played football in the street.

      Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm welcome.     3)句型:

      It is time for sb. to do sth  "到……時間了"  "該……了"

      It is time sb. did sth. "時間已遲了"  "早該……了"

      It is time for you to go to bed.  你該睡覺了。

      It is time you went to bed.   你早該睡覺了。

      would (had) rather sb. did sth. 表示'寧願某人做某事'

      I'd rather you came tomorrow.4) wish, wonder, think, hope 等用過去時,作試探性的詢問、請求、建議等。

     I thought you might have some. 我以為你想要一些。比較:

      一般過去時表示的動作或狀態都已成為過去,現已不復存在。

     Christine was an invalid all her life. 

      (含義:她已不在人間。)

     Christine has been an invalid all her life. 

      (含義:她現在還活著)

     Mrs. Darby lived in Kentucky for seven years.

      (含義:達比太太已不再住在肯塔基州。)

     Mrs. Darby has lived in Kentucky for seven years.

     ( 含義:現在還住在肯塔基州,有可能指剛離去)

      

    注意: 用過去時表示現在,表示委婉語氣。

    1)動詞want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。

       Did you want anything else?

       I wondered if you could help me.

    2)情態動詞 could, would.

       Could you lend me your bike?

    過去完成時

    1) 概念:表示過去的過去

    ----|-------|-----|---->其構成是had +過去分詞構成。

    那時以前  那時 現在       2) 用法

     a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等動詞后的賓語從句。

       She said (that) she had never been to Paris.

     b. 狀語從句

       在過去不同時間發生的兩個動作中,發生在先,用過去完成時;發生在后,用一般過去時。

       When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.

     c. 表示意向的動詞,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用過去完成時表示"原本…,未能…"

       We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.

    2012-01-07 09:57:03 補充:

    3) 過去完成時的時間狀語before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。

      He said that he had learned some English before.

      By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself.

     Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party.

    2012-01-07 09:59:06 補充:

    典型例題 

    Answer is: D. were writing, had left

      答案D. "把書忘在辦公室"發生在"去取書"這一過去的動作之前,因此"忘了書"這一動作發生在過去的過去,用過去完成時。句中when表示的是時間的一點,表示在"同學們正忙於……"這一背景下,when所引導的動作發生。因此

    前一句應用過去進行時。

    注意: had no … when     還沒等…… 就……

        had no sooner… than  剛…… 就……

      He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it

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