小明 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

一樣是英文文法的問題

哈,小第又有問題了

95 郵局

Peter Drucker became the undisputed father of management-----the discipline ( ) to the study of organizations.

1. being devoted 2.devoted 3. as devoted 4.is devoted

此題正解為2 ,小第也不解,另外小第想問的是 management 那個單字後是一條直線,接到the那個字 ,小第不了解那條直線的義意,這是什麼用法,這個直線是不是和答案 devoted有關?

It doesn'g hurt that he's indpendently wealthy ( ) his brother john is the U.S. director of National Intelligence.

1. and even 2 or 3. with 4. or that

這題小第選了1,但正解出來竟是 4.or that 小第不了解,這樣的話 or that加下去,這個句字是要怎翻譯阿?

96 由局營運值

這題也很難

Thousands of economists are meeting today to discuss the problems of stock crash. Also on the agenda( ) results of economic reforms in some countries.

1 be will 2. are there 3.there are 4. will be

小第一開始選了2,不過正解是4,小第看得出後面那一句很明顯有重組過,把Also放在句首,如果放入4的話,是不是就是番譯為 在亞加達改革一些國家所造成所造成的經濟結果。 可是小第絕得我個人這樣翻語意也怪怪的,有大大可以把後面那句在重組一次,並正確的翻出原意嗎?

另一題

Japanese government is deliberating, in its own ponderous way, incentives to raise the birthrate, increase immigration, ( ) women to work longer and lift the retirement age from 60 to perhaps as high as 70.

1. encourage 2. encourages 3. encouraging 4 to encourage

此題正解為1,但小第確選了2 ,小第我會選2 是因為他前面 incentives 這個字用單數動詞去代,因該是受前面主詞日本政府這個單字影響,這樣的話後面encourage這個單字也應受日本政府這個單字影響才對,怎會用 encourage這個原形動詞呢?

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    Peter Drucker became the undisputed father of management-----the discipline ( ) to the study of organizations.1. being devoted 2.devoted 3. as devoted 4.is devoted此題正解為2 ,小第也不解,另外小第想問的是 management 那個單字後是一條直線,接到the那個字 ,小第不了解那條直線的義意,這是什麼用法,這個直線是不是和答案 devoted有關?

    一長線是一個破折號,表示後面的文字是一個同位語,和前面的名詞同義,所以對象是the undisputed father of management。但discipline是否應是disciple?因為father =/= discipline(即兩者無法類比)。 It doesn't hurt that he's indpendently wealthy ( ) his brother John is the U.S. director of National Intelligence.

    1. and even 2 or 3. with 4. or that這題小第選了1,但正解出來竟是 4.or that 小第不了解,這樣的話 or that加下去,這個句字是要怎翻譯阿?

    這句的it是虛主詞,代表後面的兩個名詞子句之一doesn't hurt,所以你看到兩個that用對等連接詞or相連。即:他是自己有錢,還是他的兄弟約翰是美國的的資訊公司老板,(對他來說)都無傷。

    這題也很難

    Thousands of economists are meeting today to discuss the problems of stock crash. Also on the agenda( ) results of economic reforms in some countries.1 be will 2. are there 3.there are 4. will be

    小第一開始選了2,不過正解是4,小第看得出後面那一句很明顯有重組過,把Also放在句首,如果放入4的話,是不是就是番譯為 在亞加達改革一些國家所造成所造成的經濟結果。 可是小第絕得我個人這樣翻語意也怪怪的,有大大可以把後面那句在重組一次,並正確的翻出原意嗎?

    那是倒裝句(因為主詞太長而倒裝,以免頭重腳輕):Results of econoic reforms in some countries will be on the agenda.=有些國家的經濟改革成果也會在大會的議程上 。另一題

    Japanese government is deliberating, in its own ponderous way, incentives to raise the birthrate, increase immigration, ( ) women to work longer and lift the retirement age from 60 to perhaps as high as 70 .1. encourage 2. encourages 3. encouraging 4 to encourage 此題正解為1,但小第確選了2 ,小第我會選2 是因為他前面 incentives 這個字用單數動詞去代,因該是受前面主詞日本政府這個單字影響,這樣的話後面encourage這個單字也應受日本政府這個單字影響才對,怎會用 encourage這個原形動詞呢?

    這裡是用對等連接詞and連接了四個[不定詞]來修飾incentives,所以只有在第一個不定詞raise看到了to,後面的increase, encourage, lift這三個不定詞都省去了to。 incentives是當動詞delierating的受詞。

  • 9 年前

    :S 文法書要看熟呀。先把架構式的文法書讀熟後,您就有個完整的文法概念了。然後就知道大概哪一題是屬於什麼的文法,然後就可以自己查文法書了。

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