CATV 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文~老人被扶著走~不是要用被動嗎??

此句是從牛津網路字典複製下來

She walked carefully down the stairs, supported by her grandson

請問~此句是不是應該改成

She walked down the stairs carefully and was supported by her grandson??

supported是否應使用被動態??

還有walked carefully down the stairs, 為何副詞放句中,而不是放在stairs之後,習慣及文法不是應該放在stairs之後嗎??

請幫忙解惑

謝謝~~

.

4 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    這句話是採用了分詞構句的句型。

    分詞構句也就是將原本以連接詞連接的兩個句子再省略而來。

    被省略的句子也就是包含連接詞之後的那一句。

    分詞構句的三個要點:去連接詞、去主詞、動詞改分詞。

    以這句為例,最原始的句型為:

    She walked carefully down the stairs, and she was supported by her grandson.

    其中,若要使用分詞構句,就先將連接詞 and 去除,再來將連接詞之後重複的主詞 she 去除,而最後的動詞改分詞,由於 supported 本身就是分詞,因此就直接保留分詞,去除了 was (一般被動用法改分詞構句不常看到把 be 動詞改成 being)。

    則這個句子就變成了:

    She walked carefully down the stairs, supported by her grandson.

    參考資料: 學校學來的知識...
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    1. supported by her grandson是用了過去分詞的分詞構句,本身己經是代表[被動]。如果是主動,會用現在分詞。

    2.carefully是修飾述部的修飾語,屬副詞性,可以放置的位置不限在walked或down the stairs之後,放在主詞she之前也是正確的。

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    此句還原才能解答所有問題,其原句為:

    She walked carefully down the stairs and she was supported by her grandson.

    =She walked down the stairs carefully and was supported by her grandson?

    共用主詞 she, 以and連接二個對等的述詞

    =She walked carefully down the stairs, supported by her grandson.

    以省略方式之分詞片語 supported by her grandson來修飾其前面主要子句

    =supported by her grandson,She walked carefully down the stairs .

    以省略方式之分詞片語 supported by her grandson來修飾其後面主要子句

    =She,supported by her grandson, walked carefully down the stairs .

    以省略方式之分詞片語來修飾she

    carefully down the stairs 因為carefully 及down the stairs均當副詞用, 而其順序如形容詞一樣,單字置於片語知前--------

    2012-01-21 17:15:20 補充:

    請更正為------單字置於片語之前--------

  • 8 年前

    此句是從牛津網路字典複製下來

    She walked carefully down the stairs, supported by her grandson

    請問~此句是不是應該改成

    She walked down the stairs carefully and was supportedby her grandson??

    supported是否應使用被動態??

    還有walked carefully down the stairs, 為何副詞放句中,而不是放在stairs之後,習慣及文法不是應該放在stairs之後嗎??

    請幫忙解惑

    謝謝~~

    Answer:

    She walked down the stairs carefully and was supported by her grandson. 省略and(she) was,留下supportedby her grandson,過去分詞有被動意思。down是介系詞。

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