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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

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As a medical diagnosis, pedophilia (or paedophilia) is defined as a psychiatric disorder in adults or late adolescents (persons age 16 or older) typically characterized by a primary or exclusive sexual interest in prepubescent children (generally age 13 years or younger, though onset of puberty may vary). The child must be at least five years younger in the case of adolescent pedophiles (16 or older) to be termed pedophilia.The term has a range of definitions, as found in psychiatry, psychology, the vernacular, and law enforcement. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) defines pedophilia as a "disorder of adult personality and behaviour" in which there is a sexual preference for children of prepubertal or early pubertal age. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), pedophilia is a paraphilia in which a person has intense and recurrent sexual urges towards and fantasies about prepubescent children and on which feelings they have either acted or which cause distress or interpersonal difficulty. The current DSM-5 draft proposes to add hebephilia to the diagnostic criteria, and to consequently rename it pedohebephilic disorder to cover the physical development overlap between pedophilia and hebephilia.

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  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    As a medical diagnosis, pedophilia (orpaedophilia) is defined as a psychiatric disorder in adults or late adolescents(persons age 16 or older)typically characterized by a primary or exclusive sexual interest inprepubescent children (generallyage 13 years or younger, though onset of puberty may vary). The child must be at least fiveyears younger in the case of adolescent pedophiles (16 or older) to be termedpedophilia.The term has a range of definitions, asfound in psychiatry, psychology, the vernacular, and law enforcement. TheInternational Classification of Diseases (ICD) defines pedophilia as a"disorder of adult personality and behaviour" in which there is asexual preference for children of prepubertal or early pubertal age. Accordingto the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), pedophiliais a paraphilia in which a person has intense and recurrent sexual urgestowards and fantasies about prepubescent children and on which feelings theyhave either acted or which cause distress or interpersonal difficulty. Thecurrent DSM-5 draft proposes to add hebephilia to the diagnostic criteria, andto consequently rename it pedohebephilic disorder to cover the physicaldevelopment overlap between pedophilia and hebephilia.醫學診斷上,戀童癖(pedophilia)被定義為,在成人或青少年未期(16歲以上)發生的心理失常。典型特徵是,患者主要對於、或只對於青春期前的兒童產生性慾。雖然青春期開始的時間,因人而異,但一般來說,患者的對象是低於13歲的兒童。在青少年患者的案例來說,對象兒童必需至少小五歲,才能稱為患有戀童癖。像是精神病學、心理學、一般大眾認知、法律執行層面,不同的領域對戀童癖建立出不同的定義。國際疾病分類(The International Classification ofDiseases, ICD)定義戀童癖為「成人人格或行為上的失常」,而患者會對於青春期前、或青春期早期的兒童產生性偏好。根據精神疾病診斷與統計手冊(Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ofMental Disorders, DSM),戀童癖是一種性倒錯,而患者對於青春期前的兒童,會復發強烈的性衝動及性幻想,並且因而採取行動,或是因而造成情緒困擾或人際困難。在目前的精神疾病診斷與統計手冊第五版草稿中,提出應把少年愛(hebephilia)加進診斷標準,因此會改稱戀童癖為「戀童癖及少年愛的心理失常(pedohebephilic disorder)」,來涵蓋戀童癖和少年愛間,實體發展重疊的部份。

  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前

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  • 8 年前

    作為一個醫療診斷,戀童癖(或戀童癖)在未到青春期的孩子(通常年齡上被定義作為在主要或專屬性與趣或已故的青少年(人的一種精神病16歲以上)典型地描繪的成人13年或更加年輕,雖然青春期起始也許變化)。 孩子一定是至少五年更加年輕的在青年期戀童癖者情況下(16或更老)將被命名戀童癖。 期限有定義的範圍,在精神病學、心理學,白話和執法中找到。 疾病(ICD)的國際分類定义了戀童癖作為" 成人個性和behaviour"混亂; 在哪些那裡是青春期前或童年青春期的年齡的孩子的性爱好。 根據診斷和統計指南精神错亂(DSM),戀童癖是人有強烈和週期性關於未到青春期的孩子的性欲和幻想,並且在的paraphilia在哪些感覺他們或者行動了或哪些起因困厄或人際的困難。 當前DSM-5草稿提議增加hebephilia到診斷標準和因而給它改名pedohebephilic混亂报道在戀童癖和hebephilia之間的物理發展交疊。

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