匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

不定詞to talk to的用法

例句:Joe is the man to talk to if you have any problem?

為何後面還有一個to?

不能只用to talk嗎?

已更新項目:

在to talk to 之後又為何沒有加受詞呢?

感謝提點與指教!

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    不定詞當名詞的修飾語時,如果不定詞沒有自己的受詞,則前面這個受到修飾的名詞是不定詞在邏輯上的受詞。如:

    I have a meal to prepare. (so I have to prepare a meal.)

    I have a sandwich to eat. (so I have to eat a sandwich.)

    There is no house to rent. (so we unable to rent a house.)

    Joe is the man to talk to if you have any problem.

    =You can talk to Joe if you have any problem.

    把Joe放在句前,是一種突顯主題的句型。

    誠如意見欄DaSaGwa所說的,不定詞後面有to是因為talk是[不及物動詞],所以必須加上介系詞to。前面的三個句子裡的不定詞都是及物的,所以就不必加上介系詞了。

    2012-02-13 16:40:47 補充:

    We don't have the right to abandan the poor.

    這個不定詞片語有自己的受詞the poor,所以其先行詞就不是其邏輯上的受詞了。

    2012-02-13 16:49:04 補充:

    The children had food to eat and beds to sleep in. 

    to eat是及物,所以不加介系詞

    to sleep是不及物,所以加上介系詞in

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  • 9 年前

    simply because "talk" here is an intransitive verb (不及物動詞).

    2012-02-13 14:36:00 補充:

    "the man" is the object !

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