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Poi 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

幾個英文文法問題

1.Do you mind my sitting next to you?

請問為什麼是用my?不能用I?

2.Meeting different people in the world is a lot of fun.

請問is可以用has代替嗎?

3.Are swimming lessons interesting?

Are為什麼不能用does咧?

4.Tom has been dead for two years.

Tom has died for two years.

可以解釋一下這兩句有什麼不同嗎?

(dead這邊是當adj?

還有 "分詞"為什麼叫分詞?

他的功能是什麼(我知道完成式會用到分詞 但是還是有點不大懂

為什麼分詞要存在??

我知道我問很多 拜託一下齁 感恩!!!

5 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    1.

    The reason is: "my" is possessive. It can be treated as an adjective, so it can be placed in front of "sitting" which is a present participle (動名詞).

    2.

    yes, you CAN. In fact, in this sentence, "has" is a better verb to use. "meeting people ... is a lot of fun" is kind of weird, even though it is grammatically correct. After all, "meeting" is NOT "a lot of fun" (like "dog" is not a "parasite", but "dog" has "parasites"), Hopefully, you can understand my saying why using "has" is better than "is".

    3.

    (a) "lessons" is in plural form, so you can only choose "are" or "do".

    (b) however, "interesting" is a present participle. Therefore, you have to use

    "are". If you want to use "do" you can write the sentence as:

    Swimming lessons do interest me. (here "do" is used to emphasize

    "interest")

    4.

    It is not a good idea to use "has died", after all, when someone died, it is forever. Therefore, no difference between "died" or "has/have died". In my opinion, the difference between "has been dead" and "died" is:

    (a) if you want to emphasize the death by using a present perfection tense,

    then you use "has been dead".

    (b) if you just want to state the death plainly, then you use "died".

    Nevertheless, "has/have been dead" and "died" DO mean the same.

    Why participle is translated as "分詞"?

    This word comes from Latin participium, it means "sharing". It shares in properties of the adjective or noun and of the verb. That is why it got translated as "分詞".

    The reason participle is needed is because:

    It can be used in compound verb tense (such as present perfection tense) or voices (periphrasis), or as a modifier (like "swimming" in "swimming lessons"). A phrase composed of a participle and other words is a participial phrase (quoted from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Participle", you can read more from this site)

    2012-02-14 07:11:30 補充:

    Dark Helmet! Good point! This one I have to agree with you!

    2012-02-14 07:55:27 補充:

    愛波菜!, I hope you can understand what Dark Helmet's saying about "inanimate objects". In your question "meeting ..." where "meeting" is so-called "inanimate objects", therefore, it is better NOT to use "have".

    2012-02-14 07:57:26 補充:

    However, in the question, it uses "is" is also NOT a good choice (as I have tried to explained). Dark Helmet offers a better way to express the same meaning by using "there is...". I think, this is a very good suggestion.

    2012-02-14 07:59:23 補充:

    This kind of suggestion tells you that grammatically correct doesn't always mean logically sound. Therefore, you shall focus more on the logic when you study English, not the cold and inflexible grammar rules.

    2012-02-14 10:20:08 補充:

    Master Luois, I think we have discussed this in the past. I still treat possessive as an adjective. Here is the proof:

    http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/my

    2012-02-14 10:21:58 補充:

    In this site, it said: " ...used as an attributive adjective".

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  • 8 年前

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    就算開了口,也說不了幾句話? 或是不知道說得對不對?

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    1.Do you mind my sitting next to you?

    請問為什麼是用my?不能用I?

    本句的sitting是gerund(動名詞),當動詞mind的受詞。動名詞在邏輯上的主詞,應用所有格代名詞。分詞在邏輯上的主詞才用主格的代名詞。

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  • 8 年前

    所有的動詞都可以轉變成名詞 及形容詞 使用.

    動名詞就是動詞轉換的名詞形.

    my sitting , swimming lessons, etc

    現在分詞及過去分詞都是動詞轉換的形容詞.

    he is dead .

    it is a dying industry.

    又如:

    Are you interested ?

    I am interested (in your proposal).

    He is an interesting person.

    第二題可以用is -or- has;

    英語的句型的第一個考慮要項是動詞的選擇 .

    be動詞表達現象- a state.

    普通動詞表達動作 - an act.

    所有在你的問題中使用is是表達常態性,

    使用has是表達一次性,

    動詞的選擇即是以此做標準原則.

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  • 8 年前

    Regarding question #2,

    While I can see where DSG is coming from, it is grammatically incorrect to use "have" with inanimate objects. The correct way to write it is:

    There is a lot of fun in meeting different people in the world.

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