郭小祐 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

關於這個英文文章...請幫忙翻譯一下下列空白地方

(A). It’s considered more polite to look to the side during a conversation.

(B). It shows interest in what they’re saying and is thought to carry a sense of honesty.

(C). Given such differences with even the most common expressions, people traveling abroad and those in international business have a real need to learn the other culture’s body language.

(D). By walking in a slumped position, we show we’re sad, while a straight posture displays confidence. Other types of body language include our tone of voice, clothing, and proxemics (the physical distance between people).

(E). Since body language differs greatly from place to place, it’s easy to misunderstand what someone from another country means.

Body Language Across Cultures

(from Unit 2, Reading Fusion 1, by Andrew E. Bennett, Cranebook)

Using words isn’t the only way we say things. By leaning forward, narrowing our eyes, and folding our arms, we also communicate feelings. With as much as 70% of what we say coming from this type of non-verbal communication, it’s clearly important to be aware of our body language. That’s especially true when dealing with people from other cultures, since a smile in Baltimore may not mean the same as a smile in Beijing.

There are several types of body language. With gestures, we use our arms and hands to show moods, ask questions, and share information. Our faces are very expressive, with more than 90 muscles working to send messages of surprise, happiness, anger and so on. There’s also kinesic communication, which refers to our body shape. _____(A)_____.

_____(B)_____. For instance, smiling, one of the most common expressions, is used to show happiness or friendliness in North America. Yet in East Asia,

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it can be a sign of discomfort or embarrassment. Also, shaking one’s hand may mean “no” in England, while carrying the opposite meaning in Bulgaria. Many daily actions, from greeting people to shaking hands, vary around the world.

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Culture has a strong influence on non-verbal communication. The simple act of looking someone in the eye is not at all that straightforward. In the USA, people are encouraged to look directly at people when speaking to them. _____(C)_____.

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However, in Japan and Korea, people avoid long periods of eye contact. _____(D)_____.

The Lebanese, in contrast, stand close together and look intensely into each other’s eyes. The action shows sincerity and gives people a better sense of what their counterpart wants.

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_____(E)_____. One helpful method is watching movies or TV shows. Picture books showing a sequence of events can also illustrate concepts like personal space. In face to face contacts, if you can’t understand someone’s gestures or expressions, it’s a good idea to ask what he or she means.

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Body language refers to the kinds of _____(6)_____ in the ways in which people use their bodies. But sometimes it's very easy to _____(7)_____. For example, there was a woman I know who was giving examples of active listening as a mode of being a good teacher.

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And active listening means listening all the way. So she had her students, who were all teachers, role play. One would be talking and the other would be listening. The one who was listening was sitting down, the one who was talking was standing up. The listener in one case, was like this.

2 個解答

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  • 阿昌
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    (一)。這是考慮到在一旁看在通話過程中更有禮貌。

    (二)。這表明他們是怎麼說的興趣,被認為是進行誠實感。

    (C)鑑於這種差異,即使是最常見的表達式,出國旅行的人,那些在國際商業的實際需要,學習其他文化的身體語言。

    (D)走在下跌的位置,我們表明,我們很傷心,一條直線的姿勢,而顯示的信心。其他類型的身體語言,包括我們的語調,服裝,空間關係學(物理距離之間的人)。

    (五)。由於身體語言相差很大,從地方到另一個地方,很容易產生誤解有人從其他國家意味著什麼。

    跨文化的身體語言

    (從2號機組,閱讀融合1,由安德魯·E.貝內特,Cranebook)

    使用的話是不是只有這樣,我們說的事情。身體前傾,縮小我們的眼睛,和折疊我們的武器,我們也溝通感情。我們說什麼,從這種類型的非言語交際與多達70%,這顯然很重要,要知道我們的身體語言。這與來自其他文化背景的人打交道時更是如此,因為在巴爾的摩的微笑,也許並不意味著作為一個在北京的微笑一樣。

    有幾種類型的肢體語言。用手勢,我們用我們的胳膊和手,顯示情緒,提出問題和共享信息。我們的臉是非常傳神,與超過90個驚喜,快樂,憤怒等發送郵件肌肉。還有身勢的溝通,這是指我們的身體形狀。 _____(一)______。

    _____(二)______。例如,面帶微笑,對​​最常見的表現形式之一,被用來顯示或北美的友好,幸福美滿。然而,在東亞,

    它可以是一個不適或尷尬的跡象。此外,顫抖的手,可能意味著“不”在英國,而在保加利亞攜帶相反的意思。許多日常行動,從問候的人握手,世界各地的不同。

    文化非語言溝通上有強大的影響力。簡單的行為是在尋找某人的眼睛不那麼簡單。在美國,人們都鼓勵人直接看他們說話時。 _____(三)______。

    然而,在日本和韓國,人們避免長時間接觸眼睛。 _____(四)______。

    黎巴嫩,相反,站在併攏,看對方的眼睛,強烈。行動顯示誠意,讓人們更好地理解了他們的對口想要什麼。

    _____(五)______。一個有用的方法是看電影或電視節目。顯示一系列事件的圖畫書,也可以說明像個人空間的概念。面對面對面接觸,如果你無法理解別人的手勢或表情,這是一個好主意,問他或她的意思。

    身體語言是指各種_____(6)在_____的方式在其中的人用自己的身體。但有時它很容易______(7)______。例如,有一個女人,我知道誰是給予積極傾聽的例子,作為一種模式是一個好老師。

    並積極傾聽意味著聽一路。於是,她有她的學生,都是教師,角色扮演。人會說話,對方將聽。誰聽一坐下,一個人說話站立起來。在一個案例中的監聽器,是這樣的。

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