Mr.RIshie 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

動詞.現在分詞.過去分詞用法

以下幾題都是有關動詞.現在.過去分詞用法題型

畫底線的是我的問題錯在

1. This morning Mr. Huang got a book,

and he hopes it can interest his son.

這邊的interest應該是當動詞用吧?

但前面已經有hope這個動詞後面為什麼還能有動詞?

而不是用interesting 這本書讓他兒子感到滿意?

2. Bored learners usually learn things more slowly. So, you have to cheer yourself up.

為什麼是用bored? 不是說動作當主詞時要動詞+ing 或動詞前加to嗎?

3.Do you know asking you to do the work isn't to trouble you? It's good for you, instead .

4.Simon: Why does Tommy look so excited today?

 Scott: Don't you know? He gets his first 100 on this English test. He never got more than 85 before.

為什麼用excited而不是exciting?

excited不是過去分詞嗎?但前面沒看到BE動詞阿

5. Before we leave, being sure that we (B) everything ready is important.

 (A) are getting (B) have got (C) are got (D) will get

為什麼不是用A或C呢?

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    以下幾題都是有關動詞.現在.過去分詞用法題型

    畫底線的是我的問題錯在

    1. This morning Mr. Huang got a book,

    and he hopes it can interest his son.

    這邊的interest應該是當動詞用吧?

    但前面已經有hope這個動詞後面為什麼還能有動詞?

    而不是用interesting 這本書讓他兒子感到滿意?

    本句的意思是:... he hopes that the book can interest his son.用了代名詞it來避免重複,且省去that。interest是子句的動詞,屬及物動詞,意思是引人興趣。

    2. Bored learners usually learn things more slowly. So, you have to cheer yourself up.

    為什麼是用bored? 不是說動作當主詞時要動詞+ing 或動詞前加to嗎?

    這是過去分詞當修飾語,修飾名詞learners,屬形容詞性質。過去分詞當修飾語用時,不是verb,而是verbal。如果寫成~ing或to ~,前者則可能現在分詞,動名詞,而後者是不定詞,都是verbals。用法和意義不同。

    3.Do you know asking you to do the work isn't to trouble you?  It's good for you, instead .

    =Do you know that asking you to do the work isn't to trouble you?

    A =/= B是本句的邏輯

    A = asking you to do the work動名詞片語

    B = to trouble you不定詞片語

    4.Simon: Why does Tommy look so excited today?

     Scott: Don't you know? He gets his first 100 on this English test. He never got more than 85 before.

    為什麼用excited而不是exciting?

    excited不是過去分詞嗎?但前面沒看到BE動詞阿

    excited是過去分詞,在本句當主詞補語,因為前面已經用了連繫動詞look,不需要be動詞。

    用過去分詞表示[被動],因為Tommy是受到某件事影而興奮的。

    5. Before we leave, being sure that we (B) everything ready is important.

     (A) are getting (B) have got (C) are got (D) will get

    為什麼不是用A或C呢?

    這句可能有點問題,應該寫成making sure...才合理。子句裡的動詞用現在完成式,才能和we leave的現在簡單式形成時差:在離開前,備妥每件事。

  • 9 年前

    1. he hopes (that) it can interest his son.

    interest 是子句中的動詞

    2. bored 過去分詞是形容詞‧

    過去分詞是形容詞-已經存在的現象

    現在分詞是形容詞-一般通常的現象

    3. Do you know (that when I am) asking you to do the work

    (that) isn't to trouble you?It's good for you, instead.反而是

    試著看這種例子:I am to meet him at the school.我是預定要在學校和他會面

    be to 的用法有兩種意義,一是be about to,另一是,be going to‧

    4. 和第二題解釋相同

    5. B是已經完成,比較好,A勉強可以,C不通,若只用got還可以

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