Identity work is a process shaped by loops of action and feedback. For example, a person asserts leadership in an area, feedback affirms or disaffirms those actions, which builds or reduces confidence, in turn encouraging or discouraging further actions. "Through this back-and-forth, the would-be leader accumulates experiences that inform his or her sense of self as a leader, as well as feedback about his or her fit for taking up the leader role," according to the paper.
請問反黃的部份中文翻譯為何? 我問過其他人，回覆說這是對仗的句子, feedback做動詞用,我還是一頭霧水。affirm不也是動詞嗎? 怎麼會連用二個動詞? 請各位高手解答我的疑感，多謝!
- DaSaGwaLv 79 年前最佳解答
例如說，一個人在一個區域確立他領導的地位。回饋的信息確認或否認他的行動, 因而增加或減少他的自信心，也因此鼓舞或打消他未來的行動 (typing done by my son)
For the questioned portion of the paragraph, in my opinion, I think it is better to write it as:
For example, a person asserts leadership in an area. Feedback affirms or disaffirms those actions, which builds or reduces confidence, in turn encouraging or discouraging further actions.
It means, I break it into TWO sentence, so you will NOT be confused with so many verbs. As you can see from the first sentence has "asserts" as the main verb. The second sentence has "affirms" or "disaffirmed" as main verb.
"which builds or reduces confidence" is a relation clause (關係子句) uses to describe "feedback".
"encouraging or discouraging further actions" is a gerundive phrase(動名詞片語) uses as an adjective to describe "confidence".
2012-03-29 14:16:15 補充：
If I write the sentence as "We found John (who was) swimming in the pool at seven last night.". Here "John" is referred as the the person "who was swimming" , not just any "John", so there is NO ",".
2012-03-29 14:19:21 補充：
However, in your original question, confidence does NOT always "encourage or discourage someone action". In fact, "confidence" can affect many other things, therefore, you use "," to indicate "not restricted".
2012-03-29 14:21:57 補充：
therefore with "," is NOT restricted; without "," is restricted. "restricted" means "without that description, it can get confused", "not restricted" means "without that description, it will NOT get confused".
2012-03-29 14:34:44 補充：
"get confused" including "meaning will NOT be lost".參考資料： self
- 阿昌Lv 79 年前
- GeoffreyLv 79 年前
- 9 年前
We found John swimming in the pool at seven last night.
但in turn encouraging or discouraging further actions.與confidence卻用逗號隔開。
2012-03-29 14:46:08 補充：
- 9 年前