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shenew 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

as後面加動詞??

Almost nine percent of migraine sufferers said they’d tried to kill themselves, as did 10 percent of those with severe non-migraine headaches. That compared with a rate of just over one percent in the comparison group.

有近9%的偏頭痛病患表示曾試圖自殺,嚴重頭痛的非偏頭痛病患則有10%。對照組想輕生的比率僅逾1%。

請教as跟that在這兩句裡的用法???

2 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    as 在這裡的用法有點特殊。

    as 在這裡詞性是連接詞,連接子句表示「也有主要子句裡的相同情況」。但句型是倒裝用法。

    既然是倒裝,就要遵循倒裝的規矩,有be V、助動詞,提到主詞前面,若是普通動詞,要用 do、does、did 來取代。例如:

    Mary is very beautiful, as are most of her friends.

    瑪麗很美,她的朋友大多數也都很美。

    = Mary is very beautiful, and most of her friends are very beautiful too.

    He has many questions, as does everyone else in his class.

    他有很多疑問,班上其他每個人也都有很多疑問。

    = He has many questions, and everyone else in his class has many questions too.

    所以:

    Almost nine percent of migraine sufferers said they’d tried to kill themselves, as did 10 percent of those with severe non-migraine headaches.

    = Almost ... said .... kill themselves, and 10 percent of those with severe non-migraine headaches said the same thing.

    幾乎 9% 偏頭痛患者說他們曾經嘗試自殺, 10% 非偏頭性嚴重頭痛的人也這麼說。

    這種 as 的倒裝用法,一般較少出現在口語,通常都出現在正式的書寫。

    至於 that 在這裡的用法,就比較簡單,它是指示代名詞,表示前面提過的事:

    She decided to go the movie alone. That made me mad.

    她決定自個兒去看電影,那讓我很感冒!

    He said he owned 10 cars. That was not true.

    他說他有十部車,那根本不是事實。

    所以問題中, That compared with a rate of just...... 的 that 是指前面提過「9% 偏頭痛的人和 10% 非偏頭痛的說曾經想自殺」,比較起來,對照組的只有 1% 這麼說。

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    本人讚同LionEnglish大師的解說。

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