Rita66 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

為何要用tell,不用advise?

請教各位:

文法書上有一則測驗題

Any employee who wants to transfer to London office should immediate supervisors in advance.

(A) express (B) advise (C)tell (D) speak

這題的答案是c,但我覺得advise應該也可以啊?

煩請高手解惑,謝謝!

已更新項目:

再加問一題:

At the monthly meeting, the CEO _______ to all board members that he would retire soon. (A) told (B) spoke (C)announced (D)notify

答案是C

這題為何不能是spke to,是因為用speak 不能搭配that 使用嗎?

2 個已更新項目:

這本書上另一題

The manager makes it a point to _______ to all the employees publicy about the change in policy. (A) express (B) speak (C) tell (D) say

答案是B 原因是句型speak to 人about 事

所以代表speak只能跟about搭配使用嗎?

謝謝各位的熱心參與!

5 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    DSG, 我的看法不同, 我認為版主的理解是對的, 書上給的答案是錯誤的.

    Any employee who wants to transfer to London office should____immediate

    supervisors in advance.

    (A) express (B) advise (C) tell (D) speak

    作為「告訴; 講述, 說; 吩咐, 命令」的語意時, tell是不完全及物動詞, 又稱雙賓動詞, 也就是說它需要有兩個受詞: 直接受詞與間接受詞. 本句空格後面只有一個受詞, 故不宜填tell.

    用tell的情況:

    ....should tell immediate supervisors such intention in advance.

    這樣才具備兩個受詞.

    advise, inform, notify等作相同語意時, 是完全及物動詞, 都適合本句, 選項中 (B) advise 為正解.

    immediate supervisor: 直屬上司

    2012-04-26 15:38:51 補充:

    不過, 在口語上本句是不拘advise或tell的, 本題命題者的選項設計可謂相當粗心.

    2012-04-27 09:05:32 補充:

    At the monthly meeting, the CEO _______ to all board members that he would retire soon. (A) told (B) spoke (C)announced (D)notify

    又是一個選項設計錯誤的題目, 除非它是複選題.

    said to/ spoke to/ announced to/ told + 人+ that名詞子句

    本題選項中, B, C皆唯正解.

    A不能有to; D也不能有to且時態錯誤

    2012-04-27 09:22:09 補充:

    The manager makes it a point to _______ to all the employees publicly about the change in policy. (A) express (B) speak (C) tell (D) say

    這題也一樣, B,D皆為正解, 因為speak to = say to = tell(不能有to), 受詞為人, 後接about+人事物

    至於express, 後面不需要about

    如果用announce, 後面同樣不需要about.

    現今台灣有很多基本功夫不足的英文老師, 瞭解不夠全面, 命題凸槌常常發生.

    參考資料: 羅莉 - 英文文法
  • 9 年前

    After I have read the question a second time, I agree, under the circumstance, "advise" is better than "tell" in the case. After all, being transferred to other location is a serious business.

    2012-04-26 20:58:44 補充:

    Even though, the context of the sentence doesn't have such a serious manner, but if I wrote this sentence, I would use "advise" over "tell"

  • 9 年前

    I think both tell and advise are fine - but I like "talk to/with" most, even though it is not only the choice list.

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    Any employee who wants to transfer to London office should____immediate supervisors in advance.

    (A) express (B) advise (C) tell (D) speak

    1.當 tell與advise為不完全及物動詞時, 句型S + V + O(人)+ OC(OF+事),然而tell 亦可當授與動詞 ,句型S + V + O1+ O2 , 即直接受詞與間接受詞.

    2.以tell的寫法如下:

    Any employee who wants to transfer to London office should tell immediate supervisors (OF THIS THING) in advance.----括弧部份可省略,因前面已有說明

    =Any employee should tell immediate supervisors (of transfering to London office ) in advance.----當不完全及物動詞

    =Any employee should tell immediate supervisors to transfer to London office in advance.---當授與動詞

    I am telling you. 即俗語,表示充分知道。亦是省略用法-----------

    2012-04-26 20:20:23 補充:

    At the monthly meeting, the CEO _______ to all board members that he would retire soon. (A) told (B) spoke (C)announced (D)notify

    答案是B 原因為speak是不及物動詞,接介詞片語to all board members當副詞修飾動詞。

    announced及物動詞直接接受詞---------

  • 您覺得這個回答如何?您可以登入為回答投票。
  • Big mellen, this time I have to agree with Lori to advice u about ur mistake,

還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。