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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

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Creative FusionIt is difficult to think of a product or service todaythat does not require some level of cooperation and contribution by multipleknowledge sources. From futons to photovoltaic cells, from estate planning toenvironmental assessment, a bevy of specialists are involved. Withinorganizations, the sources of needed know-how and expertise are often separatedfunctionally, physically, and cognitively; but, as discussed in detailelsewhere, such diverse perspectives are essential for creativity (Leonard andSwap, 1999). The creative fusion that occurs when different mental worldscollide and then coalesce around an innovation requires knowledge transfer of atype different from the reuse described above. In collaboration, the task is toshare enough knowledge at the intersections of different parts of theorganization so that people can understand each other andbuild on each other’s ideas. Each of the parties involved may take the role of knowledgesource or knowledge receiver at different points during the collaboration. Forexample, the chemical engineer Robert Langer joined forces with the notedsurgeon and cancer researcher Judah Folkman to test Folkman’s theory that cancerous tumors could be killed by inhibiting theproteins that recruit blood supplies feeding the tumors’ growth. Each man had specialized knowledge to contribute. Langerinvented tiny plastic capsules that entrapped the proteins long enough to studythem for the first time and verify Folkman’s theory. Eachof the three situations described above poses somewhat different opportunities,but most of the barriers to transfer, the challenges inherent in the nature ofknowledge, and the mechanisms and managerial levers available to stimulatetransfer remain constant.

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評分
  • 阿霹
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    創造性的融合

    很難想到現今的產品或服務有哪一種不需要複合知識源的某種程度的合作和貢獻。

    從被褥到光伏電池,從房地產規劃到環境評估,一大群專家參與其中。

    在組織內部,所需要的專業知識和技能的資源往往有功能性,物理性質或認知

    方面的區分; 但是,如同在其他地方詳細討論過的,這些不同的觀點是創造力的命脈(里歐納德和斯瓦普,1999年)。

    不同的心靈世界在圍繞創新發生碰撞.融合時產生的創造性的融合需要一種跟上述的做法不同類型的知識轉移。

    在協作時,任務就是在組織的不同部門交會時把足夠的知識分享出去,

    這樣人們就可以相互理解,而且在彼此了解的基礎上做事情。

    相關的每一群人在不同的點都可能需要當合作過程中的的知識源或接收者。

    例如,化學工程師羅伯特·蘭格與著名的外科醫生和癌症研究員猶大·福克曼合力

    測試福克曼的理論--透過抑制提供血液餵養腫瘤生長的蛋白,可以殺死癌腫瘤。

    每個人都有專門知識可以貢獻。

    蘭格發明了微小的塑料膠囊來包住蛋白質,讓他們有足夠長的時間得以首次研究並驗證福克曼的理論。

    上述三種情況中的每一個帶來各有不同的機會,但大多數傳輸的障礙,知識的性質固有的挑戰和現有可以加速轉移的機制和管理槓桿使得情勢保持常態。

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