小明 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文文法問題,請大大開示

cht 98 第一類專員 專值四

小第有兩題不了解,剛好這兩題可以做為我問題的對照

23

The representatives, with cigarettes in their hands, ( ) over a few details when suddenly smoke deterctor set off the fire alarm.

1. negotiated 2. are negotiating 3. are going to negotiate 4. were negotiating

此題正解是給 4,但小第卻選了1 小第心想是同位語用法嗎,還是現在分詞的簡化問題,小第原本把這題想成現在分詞的觀念,所以才選了1

另一題跟上一題結構很像,小第也選錯了

如下

第28題 The key players in the energy market, ( ) heavy capital investment, have little interest in innovation.1. which to require 2. requiring 3. which it requires 4. required此題正解是2,但小第卻選了3,如果照這樣來說的話,此題的觀念又用到了現在分詞的簡化的觀念了吧,但和上一題到底是差別在那裡呢?

上、下兩題看來結構很像,但解法的方向卻完全不一樣,小第真的是亂了!

2 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    23

    The representatives, with cigarettes in their hands, ( ) over a few details when suddenly smoke deterctor set off the fire alarm.

    1. negotiated 2. are negotiating 3. are going to negotiate 4. were negotiating

    當煙霧偵測器突然發出警報時,手裡拿著香菸的代表們正在協商 一些細節 這是在考過去進行式,when附屬子句標出過去某事發生的時間點 + 主要子句指明同時正發生的事 EX: Iwas watching TV when he came last night(昨天他來時候我正在看電視)

    第28題 The key players in the energy market, ( ) heavy capital investment, have little interest in innovation. 1. which to require 2. requiring 3. which it requires 4. required先還原:The key players in theenergy market, which require heavy capital investment, have littleinterest in innovation.為了句子簡潔,同位語中的關係代名詞被省略了,動詞改成分詞EX : The bridge which connects the 2city is old.改成:The bridgeconnecting the 2 city is old.

    EX: The girl who is eating lunch is my sister.

    The girl eating lunch is my sister.

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    23

    The representatives, with cigarettes in their hands, ( ) over a few details when suddenly smoke deterctor set off the fire alarm.

    1. negotiated 2. are negotiating 3. are going to negotiate 4. were negotiating

    這句的were negotiating是過去進行式,是本句的主要子句的[主要動詞]。

    第28題 The key players in the energy market, ( ) heavy capital investment, have little interest in innovation.1. which to require 2. requiring 3. which it requires 4. required

    這裡的requiring ...是當作[修飾語]的分詞片語。本句的主要動詞是have。

    這兩句的結構類似之處在兩者都是用修飾語將主要子句的主詞和動詞隔開,但不同的是前者用[介系詞片語],後者用[分詞片語]。

    2012-05-01 11:31:36 補充:

    同位語是名詞性質的單字片語或名詞子句,與其同位的名詞同義。第二句裡的附屬子句不是[同位語],是[修飾語],用來修飾其先行詞energy market,屬非限定性質的修飾語,故用逗號與先行詞隔開。

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