美女 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

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Although metronidazole may not be necessary in initial empirical therapy of aspiration pneumonia, there is a need for appropriate treatment where anaerobic bacteria such as Bacteroides are the primary pathogens. This may manifest with the development of abscesses, empyema or necrotising pneumonia, and treatment of these episodes should include specific anti-anaerobic therapy. Although there is less evidence, patients with putrid sputum or severe periodontal disease who develop aspirationpneumonia may also benefit from treatment with metronidazole in addition to a β-lactam antibiotic.

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  • 8 年前
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    Although metronidazole may not be necessary in initial empirical therapy of aspiration pneumonia, there is a need for appropriate treatment where anaerobic bacteria such as Bacteroides are the primary pathogens. 雖然在吸入性肺炎的初始實驗治療硝基甲嘧唑乙醇(metronidazole是一種抗生素)可能是不需要的,但有厭氧菌如Bacteroides是主要的病原體的地方是有必要做適當處理的。This may manifest with the development of abscesses, empyema or necrotising pneumonia, and treatment of these episodes should include specific anti-anaerobic therapy. Although there is less evidence, patients with putrid sputum or severe periodontal disease who develop aspiration pneumonia may also benefit from treatment with metronidazole in addition to a β-lactam antibiotic. 這可能出現膿腫、膿胸或壞死性肺炎,並且這些狀況的治療應包括特定抗厭氧菌的治療。雖然證據不多,但有惡臭的痰或嚴重的牙周病的病患其患有吸入性肺炎也可能受惠於除了β-內醯胺抗生素之外的硝基甲嘧唑乙醇的治療。

    參考資料: 電腦週邊急救團
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