matthew 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

附加問句之問題

如題:

1.He said that he would be there at five o'clock, ________?

(a)would (b)did he (c)didn't he (d)wouldn't he

2. I suppose you should know that,_________?

(a)do you (b)do'nt you (c)ought you (d)shouldn't you

請大大為我解答 謝謝

方式 : 答案 及 為什麼

就我所知 這類的題目 附加問句是以主要子句為主 但不曉得是我的認知有

問題還是答案有問題 麻煩各位囉

已更新項目:

另外

以下這2題如何區分 had是助動詞 還是動詞

1.You had better go with me ,________ you ?

(a)are (b)would'nt (c)do'nt (d)hadn't

2.These students had nothinh to play with ,__________?

(a)didn't you (b)was they (c)did they (d)had them

2 個已更新項目:

Louis 您好

想請教你的第一題回答

基本上附加問句的肯定/否定 模式我都清楚 但我要了解的是第一題為什麼你選didn't

而不是選wouldn't 是因為 he said是主要子句 而he would be there at five o'clock是從

屬子句嗎?

而第3題你的答案跟我的有出入

像 had better 這類片語的had 我們是看成動詞還是助動詞 關係到後面附加問句,這題可再協助

一下嗎?

而第4題

若(d)改成 had they 請教一下 可以選嗎 因我覺得那 had 是助動詞

以上 麻煩了

4 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    1.He said that he would be thereat five o'clock, ________?

    (a)would (b)did he (c)didn't he (d)wouldn't he

    答案(c)didn't he=>理由: 句中含有名詞子句,而主要子句為第一人稱(I或we)時,則以名詞子句做為附加問句的基準。否則以主句作附加問句之基準2. I suppose you should knowthat,_________?

    (a)do you (b)do'nt you (c)ought you (d)shouldn't you

    答案(d)shouldn'tyou =>理由: 句中含有名詞子句,而主要子句為第一人稱(I或we)時,則以名詞子句做為附加問句的基準。以下這2題如何區分 had是助動詞 還是動詞

    3.You had better go with me ,________ you ?

    (a)are (b)would'nt (c)do'nt (d)hadn't

    答案(d)hadn't=>理由:句中含習慣語的句子(該習語看做助動詞),通常以第一個字作為附加問句之用詞。該類習語如ought to, had better …..等等。4.These students had nothing toplay with ,__________?

    (a)didn't you (b)was they (c)did they (d)had them 答案(c)didthey =>理由:have nothing to +V+with其中的have為動詞(有)之意,而nothing為否定,故附加問句用肯定

    GeoffreyLouis大答錯題3 :-(

    Alas~~~~~~~~

    2012-05-15 14:20:23 補充:

    若(d)改成 had they 請教一下 可以選嗎 因我覺得那 had 是助動詞?

    你的感覺不對!have在此是一般動詞,學習語言有時靠感覺,但感覺'靠不住'

    所以要求證,對吧?

    have nothing to do with"與...無關"中的"有"--have,就是一般動詞

    2012-05-15 14:55:43 補充:

    謝~~ 羅莉大~~

    2012-05-15 20:43:04 補充:

    Louis大太客氣了!

    您是個很"守法"而嚴謹的大師

    但太懷疑"語言的人性感受部份"

    很冒昧但誠懇的分享....請包涵!

  • 阿昌
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    1.他說,他將在五點鐘,__________?

    (a)會(二)不會(三)沒有他(D)他不會

    2。我想你應該知道,______?

    (一)你(二)別(C)你應該(D)你不應該

  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    第3題 Geoffrey +1

    You had better, 附加問句要用hadn't you.

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    1.He said that he would be there at five o'clock, ________?

    (a)would (b)did he (c)didn't he (d)wouldn't he

    本題應選C,因為主句是肯定句,附加問句要用否定問句:didn't he

    2. I suppose you should know that,_________?

    (a)do you (b)do'nt you (c)ought you (d)shouldn't you

    本題應選D,因為以I think, I guess, I suppose, I believe起首的句子,句子的重心是後面的名詞子句,要參考它的內容來寫附加問句。所以用否定問句。

    3.You had better go with me ,________ you ?

    (a)are (b)would'nt (c)do'nt (d)hadn't

    主句是在做建議,不是敘述事實,所以問句應用邀請的方式來說:wouldn't you

    4.These students had nothing to play with ,__________?

    (a)didn't you (b)was they (c)did they (d)had them

    主句中有nothing,所以視為否定敘述,所以[附加問句]應用肯定方式did they

    2012-05-15 17:03:00 補充:

    感謝Geoffrey指正,第三題我答錯了。

    2012-05-15 17:16:08 補充:

    第一題是在問他有沒有說,所以附加問句用助動詞did代替said。

    2012-05-15 17:38:11 補充:

    You had better go with me...在柯旗化英文法裡是將had視為[假設法的動詞]。

    請參見該書第401頁。

    You had better go with me. = It would be better for you to go with me.

    2012-05-15 17:49:27 補充:

    但柯旗化的同一本書在第410-411頁,又將You had better start at once裡的had歸在助動詞的單元裡。

    但在第449頁You had better stay at home.裡的had再歸為動詞,而stay是bare infinitive(無to的不定詞)。

    2012-05-15 18:23:38 補充:

    在文法權威Randolph Quirk等人所著的A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language (Longman出版)裡,had better是定位為one verbal phrase類,但屬verbals of intermediate function,是modal idioms,是介於auxiliaries 和main verbs間的性質。就意義來看是助動詞,但就文法結構來看是主要動詞。

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