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書偉 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

這句英文中的should the...是什麼意思?

He knew he was ready to go should the opportunity present itself.

不懂他should 是在修飾誰

還有他的opportunity跟present兩個都是名詞嗎?

itself是指機會自己還是he自己?

4 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    這是假設語氣省略if的寫法, 建議整套都K一下:

    現在相反

    If I were a bird, I would fly to your side right away.

    = Were I a bird, I would fly to your side right away.

    = I would fly to your side right away were I a bird.

    假如我是一隻鳥, 我會馬上飛到你身旁.

    過去相反

    If he had studied harder, he would have passed the exam.

    = Had he studied harder, he would have passed the exam.

    = He would have passed the exam had he studied harder.

    假如他有更用功一些, 他就已通過考試了.

    未來相反

    If the sky were to fall, it would fall on me first.

    = Were the sky to fall, it would fall on me first.

    = The sky would fall on me first were it to fall.

    假如天要塌下來了, 也是先塌到我呀.

    未來可能

    If the opportunity should present itself, he knew he was ready to go.

    = He knew he was ready to go if the opportunity should present itself.

    = He knew he was ready to go should the opportunity present itself. (舨主本句)

    假如機會來了, 他很清楚他隨時可以上陣.

    ***

    相信現在版主對這種句子已一清二楚了.

    2012-05-22 10:10:54 補充:

    opportunity是名詞, present(後重音)是動詞, itself是指機會自己.

    should the opportunity present itself : 萬一此機會自我現身的話

    這是英語人士常用的措詞, 中文較不習慣這樣表達, 英文多閱讀就習慣了.

    參考資料: Infinito無極 + 文法
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  • 8 年前

    should --> if

    itself --> opportunity

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  • 8 年前

    should 是在修飾 (the opportunity present itself.)

    opportunity 名詞

    present 動詞

    itself是指機會自己

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  • 阿霹
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    He knew he was ready to go should the opportunity present itself.

    =He knew he was ready to go if the opportunity should present itself.

    opportunity presents itself=opportunity suddenly happens

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