要學的話 一定要知道另外一個字: bid
bid 與 offer 要一起學才好玩
2012-05-25 08:16:50 補充：
Bid and offer:
1. word attributes:
Both could be used as nouns, vt, and vi.
(noun): The bid is too low; the offer is too kind.
(vt): I bid you a good day; he offers me his service.
(vi): I will bid up the price; when opportunity offers, he takes it.
2. business practices:
Offer: the quote from seller (of services, goods, stock) is typically called an offer.
Bid: the quote from buyer is typically called a bid.
So, typical business negotiation process is this:
Seller makes the goods available at certain "offer/ask price";
Buyer makes a "bid". The deal is complete if the bid price >= offer price.
A good example is stock exchange:
Buyer bids for a stock and seller offers a stock for sale. Right now, the stock TSM (Taiwan Semi) has (highest) bid at $13.96, (lowest) offer/ask at $14.02, last trade $13.96, and spread at $0.06.
3. Buts and ifs:
On business cases where who is buying and who is selling is not clear, such as "job", "offer" is more commonly used, even though strictly speaking, the employer is the buyer "buying" the time from the employees (selling their time and efforts).
Another one is home buying where "offer" and "bid" are only used by both sides. For example, the buyers make offers to bid up the price of the house. Buyer and seller both can give "counter offer" to negotiate a deal. In this case, we don't say "counter bid".
2012-05-27 06:44:43 補充：