e隆 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

怎樣看 逗號後面修飾的是前面的名詞還是 句子的主詞

The woolly mammoth, also called the tundra mammoth, is an extinct species of mammal that lived during the Ice age, closely related to living African and Asian elephants.

上面這句 clsely related to living African and Asian elephants. 是用來修飾 mammoth 或是 extinct species of mammal (逗號後面有時候又是修飾前面的名詞 但是看起來不是很可能 修飾ice age 可是我以為要修飾就近的名詞) 到底要怎麼看呢 ?

It fed on plants such as grasses,sedges, and shrubs and grew to the size for a modern Asiatic elephant, standing between 8 feet and 10 feet high at the shoulder, and weighing between four and six tones when fully frown.

這裡 standing between 8~~ and weighing~~~ 看起來是對稱的修飾一個東西

那到底是修飾 開頭的主詞 it 還是Stansing前面的 Asiatic elephant

這個standing 前面是簡略了什麼東西呢? 還是沒有省略 就是這樣子用 Ving 來修飾

(我感覺是修飾 Asiatic elephant )

如果在這個位置 要加一個子句修飾前面的it 要怎樣寫才對 讓人家一看就知道修飾的是前面的主詞

4 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    The woolly mammoth, also called the tundra mammoth, is an extinct species of mammal that lived during the Ice age, closely related to living African and Asian elephants.

    上面這句 clsely related to living African and Asian elephants. 是用來修飾 mammoth 或是 extinct species of mammal (逗號後面有時候又是修飾前面的名詞 但是看起來不是很可能 修飾ice age 可是我以為要修飾就近的名詞) 到底要怎麼看呢 ?

    closely related to living African and Asian elephants是用來修飾前面主詞mammoth的分詞片語,如果寫作形容詞子句是:which is also called the tundra mammoth 。因為是非限定性質的修飾語,所以與先行詞間用逗號隔開。形容詞性質的修飾語,如果是片語或子句時,放在其修飾的名詞的後面 。單字才會放在前面。

    closely related to living African and Asian elephants是修飾an extinct species的分詞片語。也是非限定性質的。

    during the Ice Age是修飾lived的介系詞片語(屬副詞性質)。

    It fed on plants such as grasses,sedges, and shrubs and grew to the size for a modern Asiatic elephant, standing between 8 feet and 10 feet high at the shoulder, and weighing between four and six tones when fully frown.

    這裡 standing between 8~~ and weighing~~~ 看起來是對稱的修飾一個東西

    那到底是修飾 開頭的主詞 it 還是Stansing前面的 Asiatic elephant

    是兩個對等的分詞片語,當作主詞it的修飾語。沒有逗號隔開時,才是修飾Asiatic elephant。有逗號,表示修飾更前面的名詞。

    這個standing 前面是簡略了什麼東西呢? 還是沒有省略 就是這樣子用 Ving 來修飾

    (我感覺是修飾 Asiatic elephant )

    這兩個分詞片語可寫成形容詞子句:which stood ...and weighted ...

    會用過去簡單式動詞,因為這種動物現在己經不存在了。

    如果在這個位置 要加一個子句修飾前面的it 要怎樣寫才對 讓人家一看就知道修飾的是前面的主詞

    當作名詞修飾語的形容子句要視先行詞的性質來選用適當的關係代名詞。此處要用which。

    2012-06-02 18:55:02 補充:

    最前面的英文字引用錯了。抱歉。

    更正: also called the tundra mammoth是用來修飾前面主詞mammoth的分詞片語,如果寫作形容詞子句是:which is also called the tundra mammo

    2012-06-02 18:57:42 補充:

    closely related to living African and Asian elephants則是修飾an extinct species的分詞片語。

    2012-06-02 18:59:17 補充:

    修飾語是採就近原則,以近的優先。

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  • 8 年前

    安安,拍謝我也不知道唉 幫你推祝您早日找到答案充氣娃娃

    圖片參考:http://www.lovelove101.com/data/afficheimg/1337269...

    lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll

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  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    1. 首先解釋使用二個逗號《, also called the tundra mammoth,》用途,我們稱之為插入句〈parenthetical clause 〉,做補充說明,若刪除亦不會影響句意

    2.clsely related to living African and Asian elephants. 是用來修飾species ,若clsely前逗號拿掉則可能修飾ice age

    3.standing between 8~~ and weighing~~~ 是以二個分詞片語以and做連結,修飾Standing前面的 elephant,

    沒有省略只是分詞片語當形容詞用

    4. 如果在這個位置 要加一個子句修飾前面的it 要怎樣寫才對 讓人家一看就知道修飾的是前面的主詞

    It standing between 8 feet and 10 feet high at the shoulder, and weighing between four and six tones when fully frown, fed on plants such as grasses,sedges, and shrubs and grew to the size for a modern Asiatic elephant.-------

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  • 阿霹
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    這兩句我個人不喜歡把它看成修飾語 而是獨立敘述用的句子的簡化

    1.

    The woolly mammoth, also called the tundra mammoth,

    補述用法最好不要分詞構句 本句BE動詞不在此限 無妨

    is an extinct species of mammal that lived during the Ice age,......主要子句

    closely related to living African and Asian elephants.對等子句簡化成分詞構句

    =and it is closely related to living African and Asian elephants.

    2.

    [ It fed on plants (such as grasses,sedges, and shrubs) ]

    [and grew to the size for a modern Asiatic elephant],

    standing between 8 feet and 10 feet high at the shoulder,

    and weighing between four and six tones when fully frown.

    =and it stood between 8 feet and 10 feet high at the shoulder,

    and weighed between four and six tones when fully frown.

    子句過多 所以後面的對等子句全部分詞構句

    甚至從屬子句when fully frown也不可倖免

    最後的and應該沒有也可以 A,B and C也符合習慣

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