先生 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

in which和定冠詞問題

1.

The leadership handover _ in which President Hu Jintao and most others will cede their posts to Vice President Xi Jinping and a new group of leaders _ will formally take place at a congress expected in the fall.

我有問題的是in which,我的理解是in which=where,出現在它前面的單字都是地點,但上述句子中in whic前面是handover , 那我就看不太懂是什麼意思

2.

Wis. theft victim uploads video of suspected thief

我的理解是單數且有特定對象時需要加定冠詞the,為何video 和suspected thief 沒有加the?

已更新項目:

1.

原來in which前面不限於地點,我懂了~~謝謝

2.

想再請教:單數可數名詞前面不是都要加冠詞嗎?如果不加the那不是也要加a或an嗎?這樣的觀念是否正確?

1 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    1.

    yes, "in which" does mean "where", but it doesn't need to follow after "a place" or "a location". "where" can also mean:

    in (under) the case, or

    in (under) the scenario (在這個情況),

    Your question, "in where" means what the above two mention.

    2.

    You can use "the", when you have have the one and only one video and know the suspected thief is the ACTUAL one. However, in most cases, you don't know whether the video is REALLY for the REAL suspect, so it is safer to leave out "the".

    2012-06-25 01:00:21 補充:

    Don't make grammar as the ONLY way for you to make sense with English meaning or sentence structure, but use the logic as the primary way !!! After all, grammar rules are VERY STIFF, yet English itself is very flexible.

    2012-07-05 01:16:29 補充:

    Sorry! I didn't see the extra question you have. Here is my answer to your extra question:

    2012-07-05 01:17:36 補充:

    想再請教:單數可數名詞前面不是都要加冠詞嗎?如果不加the那不是也要加a或an嗎?這樣的觀念是否正確?

    Yes, your concept is correct. A singular noun, you always need to have article a/an (for non specific), or the (for specific).

    2012-07-05 01:37:33 補充:

    also, in your question: "video" here means "錄影" (uncountable) not "錄影帶" (countable). Therefore, there is NO "the" or "a/an" in front of it.

    2012-07-05 01:38:47 補充:

    in "Wis. theft victim", it already specifies "Wis." (Wisconsin), so there is NO need to add "the".

    2012-07-05 01:39:43 補充:

    Hopefully, these addition explanation is sufficient to answer your question.

    參考資料: self
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