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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

Adverbial Complement相關問題

可以解釋加上舉例嗎?

The Adverbial Complement of Manner

The Adverbial Complement of Purpose

2 個解答

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  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    The Adverbial Complement of Manner:-

    He spoke in a low voice.

    He spoke low in the interview.

    ---(low in the interview)=adverbial complement of manner.

    --The Adverbial Complement of Purpose:-

    The goods were cheap.

    I bought them cheap in the Supermarket.

    ---(them cheap in the Supermarket)=adverbial complement of purpose.

    參考資料: google translation website
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  • 8 年前

    Definition:

    An adverbial complement is an adverbial that is obligatorily subcategorized for by a verb, such that if removed, it will yield an ungrammatical sentence. (Wikepedia)

    An adverbial complement is a sentence element which conveys the same information as an adverb but which is necessary to the sentence and cannot be removed. (U. of Calgary - Canada)

    adverbial complement = obligatory adverbial

    Example:

    (1) She put the cheese on the table. (on the table = adverbial complement of place)

    (2) The meeting was on Tuesday. (on Tuesday = adverbial complement of time)

    (3) He was in the restaurant. (in the restaurant = adverbial complement of place)

    (4) He sat in the restaurant. (in the restaurant = adverbial adjunct; not complement)

    (1) is object-oriented complement, whereas (3) is subject-oriented.

    Sorry, I don't think there are such things as "adverbial complement of Manner" and "adverbial complement of Purpose".

    Adverb or adverbial of manner and purpose can only be constructed as "adjunct" but not as "complement".

    For example: (according to semantic functions)

    (1) Causal adjuncts :

    She went out to buy some bread. (purpose)

    (2) Modicative adjuncts:

    He ran with difficulty. (manner)

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