popo 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

一題分詞構句

Companies try to judge how they will be affected, ________ with their competitors, by drastic challenges in today’s business environment.

1. comparing 2. comparison 3. compare 4. compared

為何答案是4而不是3呢,請解釋?

分詞構句又有哪些形式,麻煩大大們詳細解釋,致20點以表謝意

2 個解答

評分
  • James
    Lv 5
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    Companies try to judge how they will be affected, ________ with their competitors, by drastic challenges in today's business environment.

    1. comparing 2. comparison 3. compare 4. compared

    Companies try to judge how they will be affected, 當它們被拿來和競爭對手比較時, by drastic challenges in today's business environment. 所以應該用 compared.

    再看兩例:

    Compared with their competitors, company A spends much more on advertising.

    主詞是company A, 它被別人拿來做比較, 所以用被動的 compared

    Comparing company A with their competitors, we found it spends much more on advertising.

    主詞是we, 我們在做比較的工作, 所以用主動的 comparing

  • 8 年前

    首先

    要先有一個概念

    兩個動詞中間一定要有連接詞

    這樣三就不成立了

    try跟judge有一個how

    那compare跟try 跟Judge要有兩個連接詞

    所以要選有連接詞功用的分詞

    所以 會考慮comparing或是compared

    接下來會看看文意是被比較還是主動比較

    此題是被比較 所以選擇compared

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    分詞主要使用先決條件:主詞一樣

    使用:省略主詞與連接詞,以分詞代替具有連接詞功能

    例句要找找 :")

    分詞選擇小訣竅:

    分詞形式有

    V-原形 表示 現在

    V-ing 表示 主動跟進行

    V-pp 表示 被動或過去

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