promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
flora. 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文中高級文法問題

我刪減掉我覺得不可能的..(:

1.This is the village where the hero was born and _____.

a. grown up b. brought up

*為什麼不可以選grown up 而是要選 brought up?

2.A knife and fork ____ on the table.

a.is b.are c.laid

*為什麼可以先刪去第三個? 被動不對嗎?

然後從前面兩個答案竟然是 is ..

還是規定要寫出a knife and a fork 才算?

又或者a knife and fork 算一組的?

3.I noticed her _____ behind the tree,thinking.

a.seated b.seat c.sit d. sat

*notice 的特點是 ...?

4.______ is ______the students to find out the meaning and usage of new words

a.what a dictionary does ; help

b.what a dictionary does ; to help

*為什麼不能選b..?

-

其實我還有很多問題,希望有人有fb或即時通可以讓我問問題thx

我看過楊官老師的信箱.那個我無法使用..

已更新項目:

可是第三題答案我沒有給....是seated..

2 個已更新項目:

我有點搞不懂第3題是什麼...

我是選sit因為notice是感官動詞吧..

所以只有Ving和原V兩種選擇吧!

5 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    1.This is the village where the hero was born and _____.

    a. grown up b. brought up

    *為什麼不可以選grown up 而是要選 brought up?

    因為was born and brought up是串連在一起的兩個被動態動詞。 grow up是不及物動詞,不能當被動用。 

    2.A knife and fork ____ on the table.

    a.is b.are c.laid

    *為什麼可以先刪去第三個? 被動不對嗎?

    然後從前面兩個答案竟然是 is ..

    還是規定要寫出a knife and a fork 才算?

    又或者a knife and fork 算一組的?

    laid是lay的過去式,這是及物動詞,是某人放置某物時用,但本句無受詞,且主詞是物。本句空格是動詞,被動的話需要助動詞be,只有laid時,不是被動態。

    a knife and fork是一隻有兩種功能的叉子,因為這隻叉子有隻腳是刀子形態,可以兼做刀子用。所以為單數,要配動詞is。

    a knife and a fork才是兩件東西。

    3.I noticed her _____ behind the tree,thinking.

    a.seated b.seat c.sit d. sat

    *notice 的特點是 ...?

    notice是知覺動詞,後面的受詞補語要用無to的不定詞,所以只能選sit。

    see, hear, feel, watch, notice, look at, listen to都屬知覺動詞。

    4.______ is ______the students to find out the meaning and usage of new words

    a.what a dictionary does ; help

    b.what a dictionary does ; to help

    *為什麼不能選b..?

    只能選b。因為你把句子倒過來寫(主詞和主詞補語交換位置)就可以知道:To help the students (to) find out the meaning and usage of new words is what a dictionary does.

    因為這樣寫會頭重腳輕,不如將what xxx放在前面較自然。

    2012-07-14 17:59:17 補充:

    第三題不能選seated,因為按照常理大樹後面不會有很多座位,然後她的座位是被別人安排的。如果場地是戲院還有話可說,大樹後面只是一個位置,她坐在那裡。

    有關知覺動詞當[不完全及物動詞]用時,後面的[受詞補語]可用bare infinitive(無to的不定詞)或分詞,兩者的意義有時不相同。請參閱柯旗化編,第一出版社出版的<新英文法>p.447及pp457-458

    這題用bare infinitive的sit是合乎文法的。這裡用sit比sitting合適,因為後面有一個thinking。可避免重複用分詞。

    2012-07-14 18:04:15 補充:

    受詞補語用bare infinitive時,著重於事實,或動作的完成,通常表示包括全程。用現在分詞時,著重於動作的繼續,可以是動作的全程,或部分。

    相關說明請參見<新英文法>p.457

    2012-07-14 18:11:05 補充:

    seat這個字原來是名詞,意思是座位,當動詞用時,是安排某人去座位坐。所以請人就座是才說Please be seated.

    在一棵大樹後面,應該是她自己去坐在那裡的,所以宜用sit或sitting當受詞補語。

    2012-07-14 18:20:15 補充:

    grow在當及物動詞用時,是使植物或作物等成長。

    What do you grow in your fields?

    He started growing a beard.

    He has grown his hair long.

    He is growing old.(當不及物動詞)

    He has grown into a robust young man.

    所以第一題不能選(was) grown up這是被動態動詞(助動詞是was)

    He has grown up into a nice young man.只能用主動態(即助動詞用have)

    2012-07-16 19:08:08 補充:

    DaSaGwa對sat, seated的看法很有道理。兩者都是被別人安排了座位的意思。如果可以用seated則sat也可以用。但sit還是比較合適的答案。被人安排坐在大樹後面的位置,可能需要有前後文來支援,如果只就本句而言,坐在樹後面的地上可能性較大。這題是sit, sat在做對照,而seat, seated在做對照。用bare infinitive是受到notice的限制,sit與seat有語意的不同。

    2012-07-16 19:21:43 補充:

    依本人的理解,她自己坐在樹後面的地上,比被別人安排座位在那裡要合理。

    就文法而言,notice後面的受詞補語用bare infinitive, 現在分詞,過去分詞均可。但在考慮了文法的適用性外,還需考慮句義。本題的狀況應屬這種。

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前

    到下面的網址看看吧

    ▶▶http://qaz331.pixnet.net/blog

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • James
    Lv 5
    8 年前

    先聲明我不是初學者.

    你問得好, 雖然前面已有答覆和意見, 但我希望用另一個方式答疑解惑.

    1.This is the village where the hero was born and _____.

    *為什麼不可以選grown up 而是要選 brought up?

    如果用was grown up, 那就成了 被長大

    2.A knife and fork ____ on the table.

    a.is b.are c.laid

    *為什麼可以先刪去第三個? 被動不對嗎?

    先說, 如果有is laid (被動) 也可以

    再說, 我反對老師出這樣的題目, 沒意義.

    你google一下, 全是中國學生被這道題弄得團團轉. 有甚麼洋人這麼說話?!

    光抱怨沒用, 我試著解釋一下:

    可以說它們是一組, 洋人把這詞組理解為餐具, 集合名詞, 所以用單數. 它是固定搭配, 建議你把它當一個詞組背起來, 用處很多.

    例: How do we eat properly with a knife and fork? 我們如何正確使用刀叉?

    You will find a knife and fork on the table. 桌上已經給你備好刀叉.

    3.I noticed her _____ behind the tree,thinking.

    a.seated b.seat c.sit d. sat

    *notice 的特點是 ...?

    正解是seated.

    She was seated behind the tree. = She was sitting behind the tree.

    I noticed her seated/sitting behind…

    I saw her seated/sitting behind…

    I found her seated/sitting behind…

    這幾句都對, 所以和notice無關.

    4.______ is ______the students to find out the meaning and usage of new words

    a.what a dictionary does ; help

    b.what a dictionary does ; to help

    *為什麼不能選b..?

    你說的對. 可以選b. 兩者都對, 只是說 a的洋人較多.

    這麼說, 老師出這道題是不是很可笑? 是很可笑.

    但苦了你們這幫孩子! 罪孽, 罪孽.

    2012-07-15 03:37:42 補充:

    Flora, 我猜你現在大概還不知道正確答案是甚麼吧, 或許疑問更多了.

    現在的情況是, 大師們 (或大大, 或master) 和一個”初學者”有不同的意見, 您看該怎麼辦? (大師們, 我無意冒犯你們. 你們得到大師的稱號, 說明你們在這裡花了無數的時間和精力幫助別人, 我給你們鞠個躬.)

    2012-07-15 03:37:56 補充:

    我看了30年New York Times 專欄作家William Safire 寫的關於美國人使用英語的情況, 一直到他逝世. 老先生說話很幽默, 並且客觀, 不武斷, 所以他很受歡迎. 我覺得大家學習語言, 可以學習他的態度, 不要堅持己見, 多看看別人怎麼說的. 畢竟人外有人, 天外有天.

    Seated 的用法, 大家是否願意多看看別人怎麼用. 那麼可以 google 一下 “seated in the grass”, 把你認為無知的英美人, 或是母語非英語人寫的都排除掉, 剩下來的句子分析一下, 是不是都是有座位的, 或是有人安排你坐的, 才能用 seated.

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 8 年前

    to dasaGwa : why should #4 be "B"

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 您覺得這個回答如何?您可以登入為回答投票。
  • 8 年前

    In my opinion:

    question #3 shall be "sitting", not "sit".

    question #4 shall be "b".

    2012-07-14 12:21:27 補充:

    question #1, "grow up" is done on your own; only "bring up" is done by others.

    question #2, your saying about "a knife and a fork" is correct. If you want to use "laid", you need to use "is laid".

    2012-07-14 12:22:59 補充:

    I didn't answer it in the answer area is because this kind of question is likely to be removed. It is frustrating to get removed. Hence, I give a BRIEF explanation to save typing energy.

    2012-07-14 13:29:14 補充:

    the verb follows after "notice" is better to use "V-ing" form, because, when you notice someone doing something, it is an ON-GOING event, not just an action that lasts a SHORT moment.

    2012-07-14 13:33:42 補充:

    Even though, it is still common people use the root form of a verb after "notice". However, such a usage gives a feeling that the action gets noticed is interrupted at some point, not an on-going and continuous action.

    2012-07-14 13:38:13 補充:

    I don't disagree with master Louis's choice of "sit". I just offer you a way to feel the difference between using "sitting" and "sit".

    2012-07-14 13:39:17 補充:

    On the other hand, there is NO "sitting" among the choices, so "sit" is the only right choice for that question.

    2012-07-14 21:03:56 補充:

    because "help" follows after "is". To avoid TWO verbs, you can do "is helping" or "is to help", but not "is help". Unless "help" is a noun, it will not fit the structure of the sentence

    2012-07-14 21:10:21 補充:

    About "seated", I fully agree with master Louis. "seated" is used when there is a chair or a position. If "seated" can be a choice, then "sat" is also an answer. "Notice" DOES play an important rule in this sentence.

    2012-07-14 21:34:17 補充:

    Whoever makes up these questions might be a foreign teacher who uses English in a loose way. Like question #4, yes it can hear people use "a", but that is not a proper English.

    2012-07-14 21:34:52 補充:

    It is like "I ain't gonna do nothing". You hear it it everyday, but it is poor English.

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。