博翔 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

附加問句觀念問題

1. Quite a few foreigners like to eat stinky tofu, ____

a.don't they b. do they

few 是否定副詞為何答案是 don't they???

2. These are the books you asked me to bring, aren't they?

為什麼是aren't they,而非didn't you??

為何此句會有兩動詞are, asked??

文法觀念上to bring算是副詞修飾asked嗎???

5 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Quite a few foreigners like to eat stinky tofu, ____

    a.don't they b. do they

    few 是否定副詞為何答案是 don't they???

    quite a few是量詞,用來當限定身為主詞的名詞foreigners,而這句的動詞是like。所以附加問句配合複數的foreigners用了they,主句是肯定的,所以附加問句用否定的don't。quite a few = 滿多人,不是副詞,而且是肯定的意思。

    2. These are the books you asked me to bring, aren't they?

    為什麼是aren't they,而非didn't you??

    這句的主詞是指示代名詞these。these = these books,而主要動詞是are(是肯定的),所以附加問句用they來代替these,動詞仍用are,但改為否定。

    為何此句會有兩動詞are, asked??

    are是主要動詞,asked是附屬子句的動詞。附屬子句是用來限定the books的。這裡省略了that(因為在附屬子句它是受詞,可以省去):These books are the books that you asked me to bring...為讓句子簡潔做了一些變化。

    文法觀念上to bring算是副詞修飾asked嗎???

    不是。這裡有me當asked的受詞,後面的to bring是[受詞補語],屬形容詞性質補語。

    2012-07-14 10:02:26 補充:

    You asked me to bring these books to you.

    這裡的不定詞片語to bring these books to you是[受詞補語]

    因為這個不定詞片語在邏輯上的主詞是me,是我該做這件事。

    不能將這個動詞asked視為授與動詞。

    He asked me $5 for it.這裡的$5才是直接受詞,me是間接受詞。而ask是授與動詞。

    He asked me to pay $5 for it.這裡的to pay $5 for it是受詞補語。ask屬於不完全及物動詞。

    2012-07-14 10:24:30 補充:

    下兩位先輩說明我都了解,但此句These are the books you asked me to bring

    的you asked me to bring完全不缺受詞(因有me, to bring),為何that which可被省略掉????

    You asked me to bring these books.

    在當形容詞子句時,是修飾前面These are the books這句裡的books

    所以變成(that)you asked me to bring

    that是子句裡不定詞to bring的受詞,所以可省略

    that不是ask的受詞

    2012-07-14 10:25:58 補充:

    to bring是及物動詞,你仔細想想看,就可以發現它需要受詞。

  • 9 年前

    下兩位先輩說明我都了解,但此句These are the books you asked me to bring

    的you asked me to bring完全不缺受詞(因有me, to bring),為何that \ which可被省略掉????

  • ?
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    不同意樓上大大對於第1題的見解.

    1. Quite a few foreigners like to eat stinky tofu, ____

    a.don't they b. do they

    few 是否定副詞為何答案是 don't they???

    a few = several

    quite a few = a great many = a great deal of

    few雖是否定副詞, 但quite a few卻不是, 它是肯定性的形容詞片語

    所以附帶問句用否定的"don't they?"

    2. These are the books (which) you asked me to bring, aren't they?

    為什麼是aren't they,而非didn't you??

    為何此句會有兩動詞are, asked??

    (which) you asked me to bring是關係子句, 修飾先行詞books;

    These are才是全句的主詞與主要動詞, 附帶問句須針對主詞與主要動詞*(註)

    所以附帶問句用"'aren't they?".

    *註: 只有少數例外, 主句結構為I think that...., I believe that..., I guess that.....等等, 附帶問句才是針對附屬子句.

    文法觀念上to bring算是副詞修飾asked嗎???

    不對, to bring不是副詞.

    asked是授與動詞(或稱雙賓動詞), me是間接受詞, to bring是直接受詞.

    參考資料: Infinito無極 + 文法
  • T
    Lv 6
    9 年前

    A few 跟 Quite a few 是不同意思˙

    A few 的意思是只有少數幾個˙ 很少的意思˙

    Quite a few 是整個片語˙ 意思是有不少個˙ 也就是很多的意思˙

    所以不能單獨把 "few" 挑出來說它是否定副詞

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  • 9 年前

    第一句:Quite a few foreigners like to eat stinky tofu, ____

    quite 和 few 皆為否定的 當然在後方的 附加問句 就會呈現 否定的

    第二句

    These are the books you asked me to bring, aren't they?

    原句為 These are the books which/that you asked me to bring,aren't they?

    which後為形容詞子句 故 有兩個動詞

    而 前方是 these are 故 後方的附加問句勢必得跟隨主要子句

    所以了!! 用AREN'T THEY!!!

    文法觀念上to bring算是副詞修飾asked嗎???

    不是的 是 you asked me to bring 整句 是用來修飾 BOOK

    中譯 這些是你要求我帶的書嗎?

    2012-07-19 01:10:32 補充:

    感謝指教!!~

    小的會再多多注意!!!~ 謝謝!!!

    參考資料:
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