博捷 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

不好意思想請教一個英文句子文法問題

今天看某英文雜誌看到如下句 :

There 's something else to consider. 還有其它考量

針對這個句子,我個人理解是否應該寫成

There 's something else to be considered.

我會這樣想的原因是,something else應該是被考慮的,

因此用不定詞來修飾它,應該要用被動比較適合。

謝謝您的解答。

已更新項目:

DaSaGwa 首先先謝謝您的解答。

There 's something else to consider.

針對以上的句子。

以不定詞的文法來說 :

something else 對於 consider 來說 是主詞而或者是受詞呢 ? 這點我有點不太懂 !

譬如說 :

(1) There 's something else to consider (something else).

或者

(2) There 's something else to (something else) consider.

如果是(2)consider用被動會比較好

是(1)或(2)?

2 個已更新項目:

DaSaGwa, 首先再次謝謝您的回答,也當然要選您為最佳解答。

再詢問您的過程,我腦袋也不斷在思考您的回答,現在大概有頭緒了。

再次謝謝 ...

3 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    Both are CORRECT. It depends upon where your own position is:

    For examples:

    If you make suggestion, then use

    There's something else to consider.

    If others make suggestion, then use

    There's something else to be considered.

    Another scenario is: you make the suggestion and you just want to be in a WEAKER position, then you use passive voice (to be considered) instead of active voice (to consider).

    The above examples are just a couple of possible scenarios. You have to feel it when it is used in the context. As far as grammar is concerned, there is NOTHING wrong for both of them, only the implied meaning is different.

    2012-07-17 03:22:14 補充:

    "it depends upon where your own position is" is narrow minded, it is better to say "it depends upon where you use in the context"

    2012-07-17 21:44:41 補充:

    "There is something else to consider", where "something else" is the subject. "to consider" or "to be considered" is just an "infinitive phrase" and uses to describe "something else".

    2012-07-17 21:46:45 補充:

    "there is/are" is a phrase, it implies the meaning of "has or have". To use "is or are" depends upon the noun it follows. If this noun is "countable and plural", use "are", otherwise use "is".

    2012-07-17 22:01:35 補充:

    In a word, in "there is something else to consider (to be considered)" the subject is "something", the main verb is "is", and "to consider (to be considered)" is an infinitive phrase used as an adjective.

    2012-07-17 22:07:50 補充:

    "there" is a "function word" (虛字). It doesn't have meaning, but when it combines with "is or are", then it implies "has or have".

    參考資料: self
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  • 8 年前

    rjamesho ( 大師 1 級 ) took the words right out of my mouth!

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  • 8 年前

    There's something else (for me/us/you/him/her/it/them) to consider.

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