Rubbish 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

answer 授與動詞

Mary answered Ted's question to him.

Mary answered Ted his question.

Please answer the question yes or no.

Please answer yes or no to the question.

四句都對嗎?

已更新項目:

感謝DaSaGwa的回覆。

第一組例句是我從一個英文教師手冊抄出來的比較例句,

他說explain, introduce, answer等,只能直接受詞在前,to+間接受詞在後,他反而把第二句判錯,我就是對這地方有些疑惑...

至於第一句,DaSaGwa大師的看法是,後面加to 人沒問題,只是在本句是累贅的字眼,是嗎?

第二組例句的第一句是賀氏文法舉的例句,我去GOOGLE的結果不比加了with的少,這句真的不對嗎?

3 個解答

評分
  • 7 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Mary answered Ted's question to him.Mary answered Ted his question.這兩句都不恰當,都有Louis大大所稱的畫蛇添足之瑕疵---Mary answered Ted his question.這句his雖緊跟在Ted之後,但語言與寫作都重在精簡,既然在此Ted=he,那就沒有必要受詞與受詞所有格並用的。只有Mary answered Ted’s question.是正確的2. A. Please answer the question yes or no.這句中的the question yes or no=the yes or no question整個片語本身為受詞,這句話應沒問題B.Please answer the question yes or no.Please answer yes or no to the question.這兩句都對,口語中不會有問題,但寫作時應如下Please answer the question “Yes” or “No”.Please answer“Yes” or “No” to the question.

    2012-07-22 16:23:05 補充:

    Thank you,Mater D.~^-^~

    參考資料: Geoffrey
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    本人讚同DaSaGwa的意見。

    Mary answered Ted's question to him.

    後面加上的to him時,我們可能誤會這個him為其它的人,而不是Ted,因為有語病。這是畫蛇添足之舉。應刪去to him。

  • 7 年前

    Mary answered Ted's question to him.

    ==> Mary answered Ted's question.

    Mary answered Ted his question. (correct)

    2012-07-21 11:52:59 補充:

    Please answer the question yes or no.

    ==> Please answer the question with "yes or no"

    Please answer yes or no to the question. (correct)

    2012-07-22 01:03:03 補充:

    Even though "Mary answered Ted his question" is correct grammatically. However, like master Geoffrey said, it is very awkward.

    To have "to him" is not just 累贅 (redundant), but also grammatically wrong.

    2012-07-22 01:10:04 補充:

    "Please answer the question yes or no." is more correct, if you WRITE it like Master Geoffrey suggested. In a colloquial situation, even though it is common, but when people say it, they place an emphasis on "yes or no" in their voice.

    2012-07-22 01:11:14 補充:

    If you use "with" in speaking, then it would be much clearer to the listener.

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