問一題英文問題(普46-1-5)

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我最近做英文考卷看到一句英文如下所示

The new study showed that prosopagnosia is highly heritable and surprisingly common, afflicting, in some form, about 1 in 50 people—more than 5 million in the US alone.

(1)這一題的語意是甚麼?

(2)這一題在測驗考生何種英文能力?

(3)這一題的句子結構要如何分析?

(4)以下這些字詞是甚麼意思?

˙surprisingly common

˙afflicting

˙in some form

參考資料:見以下的文章

Do you have trouble picking out a friend’s face among a group of people? There’s a name for your condition: prosopagnosia, or face blindness. The disorder was thought to be exceedingly rare and mainly a result of brain injury. But last month a team of German researchers took the first stab at charting its prevalence, and the results were remarkable. The new study showed that prosopagnosia is highly heritable and surprisingly common, afflicting, in some form, about 1 in 50 people—more than 5 million in the US alone. “That’s huge,” says Dr. Thomas Grüter of the Institute of Human Genetics in Münster. “It was a real surprise.”

Within that group of sufferers, however, the condition varies widely. For the vast majority, the problem is not so much about detecting a face—prosopagnosics can see eyes, noses, and mouths as clearly as anyone else—as it is about recognizing the same set of features when seeing them again. While mild prosopagnosics can train themselves to memorize a limited number of faces, others grapple with identifying family members and, in extreme cases, their own faces. Gaylen Howard, 40, a homemaker in Boulder, Colo., says that when she’s standing in front of a mirror in a crowded restroom, she makes a funny face so that, as she puts it, “I can tell which one is me.”

已更新項目:

Most prosopagnosics learn to cope early on. They distinguish people based on cues like hairstyle, voice, or body shape. They shun places where they could unexpectedly run into someone they know. They pretend to be lost in thought while walking down the street.

2 個已更新項目:

They act friendly to everyone—or to no one. In short, they become expert at masking their dysfunction. “This is probably why the disorder went unnoticed for so long,” says Gruter.

1 個解答

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  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    The new study showed that prosopagnosia is highly heritable and surprisingly common, afflicting, in some form, about 1 in 50 people—more than 5 million in the US alone.

    (1)這一題的語意是甚麼?

    新的研究結果顯示,臉孔辨識困難症係高度遺傳而且有驚人的普遍性,大約每五十人就有一人有某種形式的臉孔辨識困難─光是美國就有五百萬人有此困擾。

    (2)這一題在測驗考生何種英文能力?

    (3)這一題的句子結構要如何分析?

    (4)以下這些字詞是甚麼意思?

    ˙surprisingly common出人意表地普遍

    ˙afflicting折磨/困擾

    ˙in some form某種形式/程度不一

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