AlexLin 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文文法與子句問題

今天在看網路新聞時,看到一些句子不太懂,想請教一些關於文法問題

1. Many cases can be cited where privatisation of water resources and water supply systems has deprived the poor from access to water.

關於這句,where privatisation of water resources and water supply systems has deprived the poor from access to water 是不是一個副詞子句用來修飾 be cited 這個動詞。

2. Poverty and power relations are reflected and reinforced in who has access to and control over water.

關於這句 who has access to and control over water 是什麼子句,為什麼可以這樣用呢?我認為應該是形容詞子句,但形容詞子句應該要有個先行詞,在這整句卻看不到一個先行詞,還是被省略了。

希望網路上的高手可以幫我解惑。謝謝

1 個解答

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  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Many cases can be cited where privatisation of water resources and water supply systems has deprived the poor from access to water.

    (我們)可以舉出許多水資源暨供水系統私營化造成貧戶無從取水的案例。

    where privatisation ...... from access to water 是關係副詞 where 引導的形容詞子句,修飾 先行詞 cases。 where 是 in which,也就是 in the cases 的意思,表示這些案例裡面,水源私營化造成貧戶無從取水。

    這句基本構造可以看成如此:

    Many cases (where privatisation of water resources and water supply systems has deprived the poor from access to water) can be cited.

    因為 where 子句太長,所以放在句後,稱為「尾重原則」。

    2. Poverty and power relations are reflected and reinforced in who has access to and control over water.

    誰能取得並且控制水一事,反映、加強了貧窮與權力之間的關係。

    in who has access to and control over water 的用法,在文法上稱為「疑問詞引導名詞子句,做介係詞 in 的受詞。」

    疑問詞帶領名詞子句,當主詞、受詞、補語等都沒問題,例如:

    1. who 帶領名詞子句當 at 的受詞:

    Let's look at who is making money on YouTube from all of the London Olympic ads.

    我們來看看誰在 YouTube 從一大堆倫敦奧運廣告上大賺其錢。

    2. where 帶領名詞子句當主詞:

    Where we stay does not matter.

    我們住那兒都沒關係。

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