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阿廷 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

高中文法(分詞構句 請詳細解釋 很重要的文法題)

1.____ way back in the classroom,Tina could hardly see the words on the black board. 答:D A. Seating B. To sit C.To be seat D.Sitting

為何seat的都不能選? 那它的用法呢(請舉例)

2.____ what to do ,Amy burst into tears.答:A A.Not knowing B.Not to know

C. Amy did not know D. Amy knew

為何要用 ing??? 其他選項為何不行?

3.____ a speeding car, Bob was badly injured. 答:C. A.Ran into B.Bump into

C.Bumping into D.Bumped into

被撞到不是應該要用被動的+ ed???

4.____ by her parents in the town.答:D. A. Grown B.Being grown C. Raise

D. Raised

為何grown 的都不能選??那它的用法呢(請舉例)

5.The concert ____ over, the die-hard-fans waited outside.答: D.

A. is B. are C. was D.being

為何用being不用 was ??

6.____ with his performance, I told him work harder.答:B.

A. Dissatisfy B. Not satisfied C. Having not satisfied D.Dissatisfying

為何用+ed不用 +ing的 ?? 那其他的又不對在哪?

以上問題請"全部解釋選項" 為何可以或不可以

並把"解題觀念"詳細列出 謝謝~~~

還有 分詞構句會省掉連接詞???(就是省掉主詞後的句子和下一句之間 會因為分詞構句而少掉原本的連接詞嗎) 可以用以上6句來解釋 謝謝了~~~~拜託了!!!!

我急需這個觀念的澄清!!!!! 拜託各位大大了>"<

 

  

 

 

  

 

3 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    SeeD大大,

    您的回答中所有的「動名詞」都應該訂正為「現在分詞」.

    2012-08-13 21:29:00 補充:

    1.____ way back in the classroom,Tina could hardly see the words on the black board. 答:D A. Seating B. To sit C.To be seat D.Sitting

    為何seat的都不能選? 那它的用法呢(請舉例)

    關於坐或入座:

    sit (主動, 不及物), 例: Please sit down.

    be seated (被動, 及物), 例: Please be seated.

    seat [sb] 讓人入座(及物): 例: This theater can seat 1,000 people.

    seat oneself 讓自己入座(及物): 例: He seats himself at the desk.

    正解: D.Sitting

    A. Seating 應改為Seated或Being seated

    B. To sit 是"要去坐; 以便坐", 不合語意.

    C. To be seat : 無此形式.

    D. Sitting : 主動.不及物, 標準分詞構句, 故為正解.

    2.____ what to do ,Amy burst into tears.答:A A.Not knowing B.Not to know

    C. Amy did not know D. Amy knew

    為何要用 ing??? 其他選項為何不行?

    正解: A.Not knowing

    重要原則: 英文兩個完整句子不可僅以逗號連接, 須加連接詞 ---> 排除C,D

    Not knowing是即時狀態(茫然不知), Not to know是未來狀態(不去弄清;不想去知), 依語意當然是A符合.

    3.____ a speeding car, Bob was badly injured. 答:C. A.Ran into B.Bump into

    C.Bumping into D.Bumped into

    被撞到不是應該要用被動的+ ed???

    正解: C.Bumping into

    bump into是撞到他車, 而不是被他車撞到.

    一句只能有一個動詞, 逗號後面已是完整句子, 所以前面要用分詞.

    A. Ran into: Ran不是分詞, 排除.

    B. Bump into: Bump不是分詞, 排除.

    C. Bumping into: 主動語意用Ving, 正解.

    D. Bumped into: 被動語意, 不合用法, 可改為被動的Hit by 或Being hit by.

    4.____ by her parents in the town.答:D. A. Grown B.Being grown C. Raise

    D. Raised

    為何grown 的都不能選??那它的用法呢(請舉例)

    正解: D. Raised

    長大是grow(主動), 被養大是be raised(被動)

    本句空格後有by, 即為被動, 故選Raised, D為正解.

    如用grow, 應寫為Growing up with her parents

    注意: 本題非完整句子, 沒有主要子句.

    5.The concert ____ over, the die-hard-fans waited outside.答: D.

    A. is B. are C. was D.being

    為何用being不用 was ??

    正解: D. being

    重要原則: 英文兩個完整句子不可僅以逗號連接, 須加連接詞.

    A,B,C皆違反此一原則

    D. being為分詞構句, 故為正解.

    一般來說, 分詞構句與主句的主詞相同, 故分詞前省略主詞;

    不過, 二者主詞也可以不同, 分詞前的主詞就不可省略了, 本句正是一例.

    6.____ with his performance, I told him work harder.答:B.

    A. Dissatisfy B. Not satisfied C. Having not satisfied D.Dissatisfying

    為何用+ed不用 +ing的 ?? 那其他的又不對在哪?

    正解: B. Not satisfied

    主動: satisfying [sb] : 令某人滿意

    被動: (be) satisfied with 是固定片語, (我)不滿意於他的表現, 符合本句語意.

    與前幾題同樣的原則, 逗號後面已是完整句子, 所以前面要用分詞, 排除A.

    其次本句分詞部分是被動語意, C,D都是主動, 排除.

    C應改為Not having been satisfied

    D應改為Dissatisfied

    只有Not satisfied完全符合需要, 故B為正解.

    2012-08-13 21:39:21 補充:

    Gerund(動名詞)是名詞性質

    Participle(分詞)是形副性質

    還有:

    Being not satisfied with (X)

    Not being satisfied with (O)

    提供參考.

    2012-08-18 15:05:39 補充:

    There's nothing wrong with "pure grammar", which is what a non-native English learner should follow. It's a pity that a lot of people in the US often commit grammaticla errors. Never take colloquial or idiomatic usage as excuses for such errors.

    參考資料: Infinito無極 + 文法
  • 9 年前

    「不是說會省掉連接詞,而是說可以省也可以不省」??

    這是錯誤的觀念,省掉會影響全句意義的話,連接詞不可以省

  • 9 年前

    不好意思,第一題回答部分的那句 "Tina seat HERSELF way back in the classroom" 的 "seat" 改成 "seated"。

    打太快,鍵盤按鍵沒按徹底。

    2012-08-11 22:23:32 補充:

    既然會影響語義的話,正常人就不會去省連接詞了。

    所以一樣還是可省可不省,不是嗎?

    2012-08-12 12:21:47 補充:

    一個學TESOL的英國人(母語者)告訴我那全部都叫Gerund,就是動名詞。那英國人的文法比我還好,我只會用但不會解釋,可他知道文法為什麼對為什麼錯。也許我當時誤會他的意思,或者是他沒有想清楚就直接給我「它們都是Gerund」的結論。

    謝謝你指正我的錯誤,我想你是對的,畢竟如果不是分詞的話,就不會叫「『分詞』構句」了。

    2012-08-14 11:05:34 補充:

    Both of "being not satisfied" and "not being satisfied" sound okay to me.

    If you had had any experience of living abroad you would have known people in English country never say "there are a lot."

    It was always "there IS a lot" they used to speak out.

    2012-08-14 11:08:26 補充:

    But yeah, I did need to concentrate on what you guys called a "pure grammar" that the whole asia was quite sick into even though that was very silly.

    Kidding. lol

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