Patrick 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文文法問題:if, even though, prefer

Hi,

Do you know the reasons as follows?

1. The question to be discussed at today's meeting is ______ we should postpone

the plan untill next week.

(A)whether or not (B)if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

2.She insisted on visiting me this weekend ______ I had refused to let her come.

(A) even though (B)even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

3. It's Jason, not me, who has to clean the bedroom today ______ if it were my turn, I

would not be willing to do it either.

(A) ,even though (B),even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

4. _______ I looked forward to having the chance to practice my English, when it

came to talking to Americans, I was scared.

(A) Even though (B)Even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

5. Waiter: How would you like your fish?

Customer: I prefer ____________.

(A)it fried(B) you fry it(C)to fry it(D)frying it /The answer is (A), but I think (B)(C)(D)

should be OK, too. Why?

Thanks for your help in advance. ^^

3 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    選擇題的講解應該切合重點明確交待, 不可隔鞋搔癢用詞含糊.

    1. The question to be discussed at today's meeting is ______ we should

    postpone the plan until next week.

    (A)whether or not (B)if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

    記住這個重點:

    當「是否」之意時, whether與if最大的不同是:

    - whether (or not)子句可擔任主詞、受詞、補語、同位語等;

    - if子句只能當受詞用.

    本題該子句是在beV後面當主詞補語, 只能用whether (or not), 不可用if.

    2.She insisted on visiting me this weekend ______ I had refused to let her come.

    (A) even though (B)even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

    本句用even though 或even if 是完全通用的, 二者本來就是同義的連接詞片語.

    3. It's Jason, not me, who has to clean the bedroom today ______ (if) it

    were my turn, I would not be willing to do it either.

    (A) ,even though (B),even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

    本題的空格後面多打了一個if, 應予以刪去.

    此外. 空格以前已是完整的句子, 空格前應使用分號( ; ) 、加連接詞、或另起一句.

    同樣的, 空格填even though 或even if 是完全通用的.

    4. _______ I looked forward to having the chance to practice my English,

    when it came to talking to Americans, I was scared.

    (A) Even though (B)Even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

    同樣的, 空格填even though 或even if 是完全通用的.

    5. Waiter: How would you like your fish?

    Customer: I prefer ____________.

    (A)it fried(B) you fry it(C)to fry it(D)frying it /The answer is (A), but I think

    (B)(C)(D) should be OK, too. Why?

    最適當的答案是(A).

    次適當的答案是(D).

    (A) I prefer it fried. 其中fried是過去分詞當受詞補語, 表被動語意, 正解.

    (B) I prefer you fry it. 文法正確, 但意思是要waiter去炒菜, 語意不適當.

    (C) I prefer to fry it. 文法正確, 但意思是要我自己去炒菜, 語意不適當.

    (D) I prefer frying it. 文法正確, 但動名詞fryng含意是已發生, 不太適合本句的場合, 但若視為無關時點的一件事, 仍可適合本句.

    2012-08-18 13:52:18 補充:

    Louis大,

    第3題您說: 這裡的附屬子句己經是用if帶出,不會再用一個even if,讓兩個if連在一起的。

    那麼您是選even though? 莫非您認為though與if就可以連在一起嗎?

    2012-08-18 13:59:28 補充:

    還有, even though 與even if 在所帶出的條件是既成事實或是未來狀況方面, 兩者沒有分別.

    要看該子句所用的動詞來決定是既成還是未來.

    2012-08-18 14:00:30 補充:

    要看該子句所用的動詞時態來決定是既成還是未來.

    參考資料: Infinito無極 + 文法
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    1. The question to be discussed at today's meeting is ______ we should postpone

    the plan untill next week.

    (A)whether or not (B)if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

    if we should postpone the plan until next week所提供的是一個狀況,不是問題,所以不能用be動詞來和主詞question形成相等的關係。

    2.She insisted on visiting me this weekend ______ I had refused to let her come.

    (A) even though (B)even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

    even if所帶出來的動詞如果是action verb時,應該是一個比主要動詞時間較晚的狀況,但本句的附屬子句用過去完成式是既成的事實(主要子句時間點在附屬子句之前,因為主要子句的動詞是過去簡單式)。 所以只能選even though帶出既成事實。

    "Even if" is used for emphasizing that although something may happen or may be true, another situation remains the same.(請參閱p.502 Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners)

    3. It's Jason, not me, who has to clean the bedroom today ______ if it were my turn, I would not be willing to do it either.

    (A) ,even though (B),even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

    這裡的附屬子句己經是用if帶出,不會再用一個even if,讓兩個if連在一起的。

    4. _______ I looked forward to having the chance to practice my English, when it came to talking to Americans, I was scared.

    (A) Even though (B)Even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why?

    這句是時間點的問題,looked forward的時間是在came和was之前。不是將來的想定狀況。

    5. Waiter: How would you like your fish?

    Customer: I prefer ____________.

    (A)it fried(B) you fry it(C)to fry it(D)frying it /The answer is (A), but I think (B)(C)(D) should be OK, too. Why?

    prefer something (to be) something是本句的文法關係,所以只能選(A)

    如果是(B),應是prefer somedoby to do something,在fry前要加上to。

    (C)的語序雖然符合prefer to do something的文法關係,但和問句內容牛頭不對馬嘴。

    (D)的語序雖然符合prefer doing something的文法關係,與問句也是牛頭不對馬嘴。

    2012-08-15 10:54:22 補充:

    第三題如果空格後面的if是打字錯誤,刪去後,空格內用even if也是正確的。

    2012-08-15 10:56:25 補充:

    第三題用如果刪去if,空格內就不能用even though了,因為even though是用來帶出既成事實,不是尚未發生的狀況。

    2012-08-15 10:58:06 補充:

    "Even though" is used for introducing a fact that makes the main statement in your sentence very surprising.

  • 8 年前

    1. The question to be discussed at today's meeting is ______ we should postpone the plan untill next week.

    (A)whether or not (B)if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why? <-- it's be'coz we are the sentences is talking about "should be postpone the plan, so using whether or not (應否postpone, 而不是如果我們Postpone)

    2.She insisted on visiting me this weekend ______ I had refused to let her come.

    (A) even though (B)even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why? <-- even though means 雖然, 我很奇怪為何你會覺得是even if, which is not common to be used in fact.

    3. It's Jason, not me, who has to clean the bedroom today ______ if it were my turn, I would not be willing to do it either.

    (A) ,even though (B),even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why? <-- In fact, I think the answer could be "even if" but since there are "if" right after the answer "even if", so it doesn't make sense to have the sentence like this "the bedroom today, even if if it were..."

    4. _______ I looked forward to having the chance to practice my English, when it came to talking to Americans, I was scared.

    (A) Even though (B)Even if /The answer is (A), but I think (B) is OK too. Why? <-- same as 3, Even though is more commonly be used.

    5. Waiter: How would you like your fish?

    Customer: I prefer ____________.

    (A)it fried(B) you fry it(C)to fry it(D)frying it /The answer is (A), but I think (B)(C)(D)

    should be OK, too. Why?

    - it fried (passive voice, being cooked, make sense)

    - you fry it (no verb, if it says "I prefer you help/go to fly it" would be a complete sentence, and by the way, it's not common)

    - I prefer frying it... (we won't say the food "is flying", seems it is really "flying in the sky" and it should be in passive voice)

    參考資料: Myself
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