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hogkkk 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

關係形容詞,介+Which +N

1.Dan failed his driving test,in which case he couldn't get a license.

題目1可改成這樣嗎

改Dan failed his driving test, the case in which he couldn't get a license.

2.The soldiers waited for their lieutenant to come,at which time they all left.

可改成

The soldiers waited for their lieutenant to come,the time at which they all left.

疑問.1.關係形容詞(,in Which+N)加''逗號''的意思是什麼...跟限定用法有關係嗎

1 個解答

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  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    [ 1.Dan failed his driving test,in which case he couldn't get a license.

    可改成 Dan failed his driving test, the case in which he couldn't get a license. 嗎?]

    不可以。

    [ 2.The soldiers waited for their lieutenant to come,at which time they all left.

    可改成 The soldiers waited for their lieutenant to come,the time at which they all left. 嗎?]

    不可以。

    [ 疑問.1.關係形容詞(,in Which+N)加''逗號''的意思是什麼...跟限定用法有關係嗎]

    which 當關係形容詞,前面加逗點,文法上稱為 「非限定用法」,帶領的子句只是補充說明。

    問題中 in which case 和 at which time 指的是前面主要子句的整個情形或事件的時間,不能 改成 the case in which 或 the time at which。

    Dan failed his driving test, in which case he couldn't get a license.

    Dan 駕駛測驗未過,這樣的話他就拿不到駕照。

    這裡 in which case 是指 「failed his driving test」 這件事。 如果改成

    Dan failed his driving test, the case in which he couldn't get a license.

    這時, which 變成在修飾 case,可是逗點後面的名詞 case 本身在句中又是怎麼來的?除非是同位語,類似:

    John is his brother, a college student.

    John 是他弟弟,是大學生。

    這時, brother = a college student.

    但原句, test 不等於 case,所以不可說 ...... his driving test, the case in which......

    同理,at which time 也不能改成 the time at which。 不過第二句其實是有語病的:

    The soldiers waited for their lieutenant to come, at which time they all left.

    阿兵哥們在等著他們的中尉到來,那時他們全走了。

    這是什麼意思?是誰走了?等人的同時哪有全部走的道理?

    但無論如何, at which time 指的是「阿兵哥等人之時」,跟上句一樣,不能改成 the time at which,改了就不知道 the time 是在講什麼了。

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