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博翔 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

文法分詞構句問題

1.Bing walked out talking and laughing

此句talking, laughing是形容詞,真的可當副詞修飾動詞修飾walked out??

2."After that incident, she lived alone, she was forgotten by everyone," said Pat

是否等於 "After that incident, she lived alone, forgotten by everyone," said Pat??

3.Putting on his helmet, the knight Sir Lee rode away on his adventurous journey

a.After the knight Sir Lee was putting on his helmet, the knight Sir Lee rode away on his adventurous journey

b.After the knight Sir Lee putted on his helmet, the knight Sir Lee rode away on his adventurous journey

為何選a是錯的???

4.I was satisfied with the red cotton candy sold by Ms. Sandy Sky

此句後面是否省略了(that was) sold by Ms. Sandy Sky

5.I was shocked by the bang as a tire on our van went flat because of a piece of barbed wire

此句的as是連接詞,還是介係詞??

went flat又該如何翻譯??

6.I was surprised at how happy Mom seemed to be as we arrived at our cottage near the sea

為何to be後面不接adj.卻可接as引導的子句????

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    1.Bing walked out talking and laughing

    此句talking, laughing是形容詞,真的可當副詞修飾動詞修飾walked out??

    是的, 分詞(Ving/Vpp)既可當形容詞, 也可當副詞, 看它所修飾的對象而定.

    本句的talking and laughing是表達walked out動作時的狀態, 是副詞性質.

    此外, 分詞片語用於分詞構句時, 都是副詞片語; 分詞片語用於修飾名詞時, 則是形容詞片語, 例如:

    Walking along the street, I met Jane. (副詞片語)

    The girl dancing on the stage is my sister. (形容詞片語)

    2."After that incident, she lived alone, she was forgotten by everyone," said Pat

    是否等於 "After that incident, she lived alone, forgotten by everyone," said Pat??

    完全正確.

    但第一句的第二個she應改為連接詞and, 否則不可用逗號.

    3.Putting on his helmet, the knight Sir Lee rode away on his adventurous journey

    a.After the knight Sir Lee was putting on his helmet, the knight Sir Lee rode away on his adventurous journey

    b.After the knight Sir Lee putted on his helmet, the knight Sir Lee rode away on his adventurous journey

    為何選a是錯的???

    分詞構句的Ving未必等於連續進行狀態, 要看那個分詞是屬於瞬間動詞或延續動詞而定. 本句的putting on是屬於瞬間性質的分詞, 故還原為子句時, 不可用進行式.

    可用進行式的例子:

    Cooking in the kitchen, Mom heard a noise from the backyard.

    = As Mom was cooking in the kitchen, she heard a noise from the backyard.

    因為cook是延續動詞.

    4.I was satisfied with the red cotton candy sold by Ms. Sandy Sky

    此句後面是否省略了(that was) sold by Ms. Sandy Sky

    是的, 省略了that was或which was.

    凡是關係子句的述部省略「關代+beV」而保留分詞的改寫法, 叫作「分詞減化」, 這是寫作時讓句子結構精簡的基本功.

    5.I was shocked by the bang as a tire on our van went flat because of a piece of barbed wire

    此句的as是連接詞,還是介係詞??

    went flat又該如何翻譯??

    as=when, 是連接詞.

    go flat : (輪胎)扁了;爆胎了, went flat是過去時態.

    當我們廂型車的一個輪胎因(輾過)有刺鐵絲網而爆胎時, 我被那爆聲嚇了一跳.

    6.I was surprised at how happy Mom seemed to be as we arrived at our cottage near the sea

    為何to be後面不接adj.卻可接as引導的子句????

    Mom seemed to be happy

    happy就是您說的to be後面所接的adj啊, 隨著程度疑問副詞how而調前了.

    as we arrived at our cottage near the sea 是表時間的副詞子句, 跟to be無關.

    as=when.

    2012-09-18 10:38:35 補充:

    To 博翔

    是的, 完全正確!

    2012-09-22 09:51:13 補充:

    I went home cursing myself for being alone

    沒錯, 這裡的cursing片語是當副詞修飾went,

    但是此句卻不是還原成您寫的那兩句, 而是:

    I went home.

    I cursed myself for being alone. (注意curse的時態要與went一致)

    2012-09-22 15:54:43 補充:

    這是語意上的問題.

    I went home for being alone. 我回家以便獨處(for表目的). <--- 這句還算可以.

    I cursed myself. 我咒罵自己. <--- 明明是為了要獨處才回家的, 還罵什麼?

    文法上cursing myself for being alone才算完整(for表原因)

    for being alone較靠近cursing, 應優先與其形成語意.

    I went home cursing myself for being alone

    我回了家, 氣自己又是孤單一人.

    (可能是後悔不該跟他吵架而任性負氣回家)

    2012-10-14 19:14:00 補充:

    不是當形容詞用, 而是當副詞用來修飾loved與hated.

    如果沒有for的話, being xxx才是形容詞片語;

    有了for, 那麼for being xxx就是表示原因的副詞片語.

    參考資料: 羅莉 - 英文文法
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  • 8 年前

    請問羅莉大師

    how happy Mom seemed to be是名詞子句

    as we arrived at our cottage near the sea是as引導的副詞子句

    所以兩具合併成

    I was surprised at how happy Mom seemed to be as we arrived at our cottage near the sea

    對吧??

    2012-09-21 21:29:24 補充:

    請問羅莉大師

    I went home for being alone

    I curse myself

    兩句合併

    I went home cursing myself for being alone

    這裡的cursing是當副詞修飾went對吧???

    2012-09-22 12:27:53 補充:

    To:羅莉大師

    I went home for being alone

    for being alone 是prep片語當副詞修飾went可以這麼說是吧??

    2012-09-22 22:04:20 補充:

    小弟懂了...謝謝指教~!!

    2012-10-14 16:35:03 補充:

    請問羅莉大師

    Angie had loved those paintings for being so beautiful, but she had hated

    them,too, for being her mother’s passion

    此句兩個for being是介係詞片語當形容詞用來修飾 paintings是嗎???

    還是分詞構句???

    2012-10-18 00:16:54 補充:

    小弟懂了, 感謝你無私教導

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    本人讚同羅莉大師的分析。

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