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Anni 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

形容詞子句與插入句

最近讀英文看到有句話,不太懂文法,希望大大們可以為我解惑。

They are the ones who, once you pick up the phone to call and say hello , (who) actually are gald to hear from you and don't hint at being upset that they have not heard from you in a while.

問題1

為什麼who的後面可以逗點? (我只知道關代前面可逗)

問題2

解析有說是形容詞子句,請問各位大大要怎看?

問題3.

at being upset 是怎麼寫出來的? at+ving+adj?

問題4

插入句怎寫?我只會看,不會寫插入句。

已更新項目:

謝謝Louis回答,但還是有些不太懂,(1)括號的who是表示我知道他在文章中省略。文章中確實是who, 並沒有在who前面,所以我才覺得奇怪。 (3)at being upset 文章是這樣寫,為什麼為什麼有being?可以造句嗎?

2 個已更新項目:

(3)at being upset 文章是這樣寫,為什麼有being? 可以造句嗎?

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    問題1

    為什麼who的後面可以逗點? (我只知道關代前面可逗)on

    你這裡能抄錯了,關係代名詞不能和它的動詞分開。你的句子後面又多了一個用括號的who,其實應刪去前面的who,保留後面的who才對。

    關係子句前面有逗號時,表示這是非限定性質的修飾語。

    問題2

    解析有說是形容詞子句,請問各位大大要怎看?

    once you pick up the phone to call and say hello 是一個[副詞子句]。修飾主要子句的述部,提供條件。

    who actually are gald to hear from you and don't hint at being upset 才是[形容詞子句],用來修飾先行詞ones。

    後面的that they have not heard from you in a while可能用錯了連接詞,that應是when,因為這裡的內容應是一個當修飾語的[副詞子句]。

    問題3.

    at being upset 是怎麼寫出來的? at+ving+adj?

    這是因為動詞hint的緣故。因為是不及物動詞,所以後面用到了介系詞:Officials are hinting at the possibility of signing an agreemnet this week.

    being upset是動名詞片語,當介系詞at的受詞。 hint at being upset=暗示心理沮喪。

    問題4

    插入句怎寫?我只會看,不會寫插入句。

    插入句是與主句無結構關係的文字。在句中插入說話者的判斷,評論,情緒,或註解。如:

    As you know, we've already accepted an offer from another company.

    He was the first man, I believe, to swim the Bosporus.

    What do you think is in style now?

    2012-09-16 18:04:17 補充:

    謝謝Kevin大師的指正。

    They are the ones who, once you pick up the phone to call and say hello, actually are glad to hear from you and don't hint at being upset...這句中

    once you pick up the phone to call and say hello修飾的是形容詞子句的述部,不是主要子句的述部。即這個副詞子句把形容詞子句的主詞who和actually are glad給切開了。

    2012-09-16 18:20:57 補充:

    being xxx = 在是xxx的狀況下

    可以是分詞片語,也可以是動名詞片語,視在句子裡的用法。

    Being busy, I stayed at home.分詞片語當述部修飾語(又稱分詞構句)

    Being with you makes me happy.動名詞片語當句子的主詞

    I hate being treated like a child.動名詞片語當句子的受詞

    2012-09-16 18:27:27 補充:

    xxx don't hint at being upset

    這裡的being upset是動名詞片語,當介系詞at的受詞

    She hinted at his rashness.=她暗示他的魯莽。

    hint at being upset = 暗示是處於沮喪的狀態

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  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    Master Louis,

    You might want to reconsider what you said in Q1 and Q2.

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