醉漢 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文文法的一個小盲點

今在書上看到一個句子:

A line of ants was marching past and heard the Grasshopper.

螞蟻是複數,為何後面的be動詞用was而非were?

是因為前面的A line of 嗎?

那如果是a lot of 呢? many呢...?

3 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    a line of 用單數或用複數都可以,主要是看要強調一整體 line,還是要強調後面的名詞複數。

    a line of ants was marching past 是強調有一列螞蟻走過,這是一個整體。

    a line of ants were marching on the kitchen counter 是強調有一列的螞蟻在廚台上爬,這是講很多螞蟻。

    不過,如果動詞很明顯是在講 line,就一定要用單數,如果很明顯在講後面的複數名詞,就一定要用複數,例如:

    A line of storms are forming in southern Kentucky.

    一系列的風雨正在南肯德基形成。

    這裡明顯講好幾個風雨正在形成,而不是很多風雨形成一條線,所以 storms 才是意思上的主詞,要用 are forming。

    A line of people is forming outside your office.

    一行人龍正在你的辦公室外形成。

    這裡不是形成人,而是形成一列, 意思上的主詞是 line,所以要用 is forming。

    a lot of 和 many 都有「許多」的意思,但 many 只能用在複數,a lot of 後面的名詞如果是可數或表示複數的集合名詞,要用複數,若不可數,就要用單數:

    Many people are here.

    A lot of students are here.

    A lot of money was lost.

  • 8 年前

    Both was and were are fine, depending on what you want to emphasize.

    To emphasize the line (all ants line up and marching in a homogeneous way), was should be used.

    To emphasize the quantity of ants and their individuality, was should be used.

    2012-09-23 18:10:59 補充:

    hmm, Master Lion must be my evil twin...

    But to supplement her answer:

    A lot of monies are here.

    A lot of money is here.

    are both fine too.

    2012-09-23 23:47:17 補充:

    Opps,

    I meant:

    A lot of money was lost.

    A lot of monies were lost.

    both are fine.

  • 8 年前

    為何後面的be動詞用was而非were? 是因為前面的A line of 嗎?

    是的。 a line of ants 是只很多螞蟻中的〝一列〞,屬單數,故用was。

    那如果是a lot of 呢? many呢...?

    a lot of 和 many 是〝很多〞的意思,所以為複數,用複數之動詞。

    參考資料: 自己
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