冠華 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

worrying用法

she looks quite ( ) .

答案是worried

為甚麼答案不能是worrying?

已更新項目:

she looks quite worried.他看起來相當是擔心的

she looks quite worrying.他看起來是相當令人擔心的

兩個在文義上有錯嗎?

情緒動詞不是這樣嗎?

excited

exciting

3 個解答

評分
  • 7 年前
    最佳解答

    The key point in your question is "look". "look" is so-called linking verb. It is like a Be-verb which would follow with a subject compliment (主詞補語). This subject compliment is usually an adjective.

    Both worried (past participle,過去分詞) and worrying (gerund,動名詞) can function as adjectives. Now, the question is which one to use. In your case, both are possible and correct, because it doesn't have an additional statement to tell people why she worries or why she is worried.

    Let me give you an example:

    A worries B

    A is worrying.

    and

    B is worried.

    If the sentence is more comprehensive as:

    She looks quite worried, when she is told that she fails the test.

    She looks quite worrying without knowing the result of the test.

    Then you can determine which to use is better.

    Some people would say "worrying" is only to describe things. Not really, for example:

    He is a worrying person = His personality is worrying.

    Here are a list of LINKING VERBS:

    Be-verb, look sound, smell, feel, taste, appear, become, get, turn, stay, grow ...

    To determine, whether a verb is a linking verb in the sentence, all you need to do to replace that verb with "Be-verb", if the meaning of the sentence doesn't change dramatically, then it is a linking verb. For examples:

    It tastes awful. ("taste" is a linking verb)

    (if you replace "tastes" with "is", the meaning is about the same)

    He tastes both cakes. ("taste" is not a linking verb)

    (if you replace "tastes" with "is", the meaning changes).

    參考資料: self
  • rhody
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    worry 是個"情狀動詞",情狀動詞+ed 和 情狀動詞 +ing完整觀念,看這裡

  • 7 年前

    Q:she looks quite ( ) .

    答案是worried

    為甚麼答案不能是worrying?

    A:那是因為前面是look看起來是動詞,worrying用在這裡文法就錯了,

    這樣會變成,"他完全看起來正在擔心。" 不可以用worrying`"

    worried充當形容詞,如果你說"She looks quite worrying也很奇怪。

    那就會變成說,"他完全看起來正在擔心中"這樣文法就錯了

    要用worried才是正確的文法之一。

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