匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

英文句子分析 應該不困難..20點

Brakes were also added to all towers after several towers which had collapsed were found to have collapsed as a result of chain reactions started by blades spinning too quickly.

大概的意思:

因為扇葉旋轉過快 曾經引發幾次故障 所以在所有風力發電塔上加裝制動器(Brakes)

畫線的地方是看不懂的 ...

有人可以幫我分析一下句子嗎? 為什麼要連用二次collapsed?

謝謝

2 個解答

評分
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    Brakes were also added to all towers (主要子句) after several towers which had collapsed were found to have collapsed as a result of chain reactions started by blades spinning too quickly(表時間附屬子句,當副詞用).

    1.--------after several towers(S) which had collapsed(關係子句當形容詞修飾towers) were found(V) to have collapsed as a result of chain reactions started by blades spinning too quickly (不定詞片語當主詞補語)

    2.Brakes were also added to all towers after several towers which had collapsed were found to have collapsed as a result of chain reactions started by blades spinning too quickly.

    因為 風力發電塔在加裝制動器前已有幾次故障,所以用過去完成式(had collapsed)。而綠色字體部份即發現之前已有因扇葉旋轉過快故障,所以用不定式完成式(to have collapsed)

    3. Brakes were also added to all towers after several towers which had collapsed were found to collapse as a result of chain reactions started by blades spinning too quickly.發現有因扇葉旋轉過快故障,用to collapse 表示同時發生----------

  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    Brakes were also added to all towers after several towers which had collapsed

    were found to have collapsed as a result of chain reactions started by blades

    spinning too quickly.

    確實措詞不夠精鍊.

    collapsed: 當機;停擺;停止運轉

    在幾座已經停擺的風力發電塔被發現因扇葉轉速過快啟動鏈條之反應作動而停擺之後,制動器也(全面)加裝到所有的風力發電塔上。

    "were found to have collapsed"已敘述停擺事實,那個關係子句實屬贅語,將之移除並不會影響到全句之語意,故云「措詞不夠精鍊」。

    2012-10-07 20:18:45 補充:

    全句結構分析:

    Brakes were also added to all tower是主要子句.

    after是連接詞, 引導一個表時間的副詞子句.

    were found to have collapsed:

    to have Vpp是表示發生在were found之前.

    as a result of chain reactions是副詞片語修飾to have collapsed.

    started by blades spinning too quickly是形容詞片語修飾chain reactions.

    .

    參考資料: 羅莉 - 英文文法與翻譯經驗
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