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Gogo 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

讓人傻傻分不清的片語

請問contribute to, attribute to, ascribe to, owe to 到底區別在哪裡? 都可以有被動式嗎? 都可以互相代換嗎? 真是讓人傻傻分不清…

(contribute to 另外有“捐助”的意思, 這個我知道)

1.She mentions in her book that much of the happiest time in life ______ reading.

A) contributes to B) is contributed to C) attribute to D) is attributed to

2.People who take delight in reading may likely _____ their happiest hours in life ____ books.

A) owe… to B) contribute…to C) attribute…to D) ascribe…to

請問以上2題的正確答案為何?

已更新項目:

Kevin大師,

很感謝您很詳細的邏輯式解說, 我看了好幾遍才看懂這4個片語之間的差異與用法。

我照您的說法又去查了字典, 發覺owe… to的用法好像也可以跟 attribute… to及ascribe… to代換耶!? 所以同樣一句話是不是可以這樣說呢?

2 個已更新項目:

He attributes his success to hard work.

= He ascribes his success to hard work.

= He owes his success to hard work.

= His success is attributed to hard work.

≒ Hard work contributes to his success.

那這樣第2題的A是否也可以選呢?

3 個已更新項目:

在此也先謝謝bee的熱心回答!

3 個解答

評分
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    contribute, attribute(大致上=ascribe), owe三個字的用法, 以一個簡單的句子來說明.

    He attributed his good health much to exercise. (A)

    他認為自己之所以身體好多半是因為運動。

    這裡有三個元素:

    [he], 是狀況的敘述者或判斷者 (X)

    [exercise], 是狀況的"原因" (Y)

    [good health], 是狀況的"結果" (Z)可以把A用不同的方式表達, 其中, 不見得XYZ三者會同時出現:

    Exercise contributed much to his good health. (B)

    His good health owed much to exercise. (C)如果一定要寫公式:

    X attribute/ascribe Z to Y

    Y contribute to Z

    Z owe to YABC都是主動態, 但是BC是不及物用法, 故只有A有被動態:

    His good health is much attributed to exercise (by him).Z is/are attributed/ascribed to Y*只有owe習慣用於好事, 其他三個是中性的.所以應該根據上例去判斷出XYZ分別代表誰, 在根據語意來寫.(1) She mentions in her book that much of the happiest time in life ______ reading.

    這句的重點在[(that) much of the happiest time in life ______ reading]

    根據語意可以知道:

    X=she, Y=reading, Z= the happiest time in life

    所以答案是D(2) People who take delight in reading may likely _____ their happiest hours in life ____ books.

    X=people, Y=books, Z=happiest hours in life

    所以答案是CD

    2012-10-15 23:32:49 補充:

    本來根據Longman的解釋覺得並不適合, 但是上google搜尋可以發現的確有人這樣用的.

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  • 5 年前

    第一題答案是D

    原因前面有人有解釋了,所以不多談

    第二題答案是C

    A)owe...to 中的 owe 有"to have as a result" 的意思, but owe 也有"欠"的意思喔

    For example, I owe my success to hard work.

    B) contribute .... to 中的 contribute 有"helping" 的意味在

    For example, you all contribute to the success of this new project.

    C) attribute…to; attribute 有"the reason of something"的意思在

    ATTRIBUTE = to say that (something) is because of (someone or something).

    For example, I attribute my success to my friends and family.

    (朋友與家人是讓我成功的原因)

    D) ascribe…to

    ASCRIBE = to say or think that (something) is caused by, comes from, or is associated with (something or someone)

    在參考了英英字典後發現其實attribute and ascribe has the same meaning.

    不過attribute 比較常用 (當然兩者可以替換著用!)

    還有就是

    owe = 欠 (you owe me something)

    這個其實是比較常見的用法!

    所以雖然意思有到, 但是對native speaker 來說比較不常用來當to have as a result 的意思

    有時候在用詞的選擇上,雖然所選的詞有你所指的意思, 不過句子的context 以及平時的習慣用語也會影響到正確意思的表達和所選用的詞彙

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  • 8 年前

    1. 是D

    contribute to 有貢獻 促成的意思

    attribute to 是 歸因於,被認為是甚麼原因

    所以就語意上來說 排除A跟B ,那為什麼選D不選C 因為that後面是一個句子

    但缺了「動詞」所以選D 若要選C 則要改成atrributed to

    因為被動語態 有時可省略be動詞只留下分詞(p.p.)

    2. 應該是D ,人+ascribe+ 事情 to + 原因 = 把事情...歸因於 通常是用在好事或成功

    所以選D

    參考資料: 應外系的我
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