發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

語言學習~有關英文文法問題

請問誰可以為我解釋以下的句子

She thought my not inviting her to my party was a deliberate insult

為何thought 後面是接所有格 my?

我可以這樣寫嗎

she thought that it was a deliberate insult because I didn't invite her to my party.

4 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    She thought (that) my not inviting her to my party was a deliberate insult.

    她覺得, 我未邀請她參加我的舞會一事是存心的羞辱.

    這個not跟thought沒關係.

    動名詞片語"inviting her to my party"是一件事, 作為子句主詞, 是名詞性質故前面可用所有格.

    動名詞的否定, 就是在前面加not.

    my inviting her to my party ---> my not inviting her to my party

    我的「邀請她參加我的舞會」一事 ---> 我的「未邀請她參加我的舞會」一事

    thought後面省略了that, 這個that引導名詞子句作為thought的受詞.

    您的改寫:

    She thought that it was a deliberate insult because I didn't invite her to

    my party.

    這是虛主詞寫法, 要用that而不是because.

    建議如下寫法:

    She thought (that) it was a deliberate insult that I didn't invite her to my

    party.

    it (虛主詞) 使主詞因尾重原則而滯後

    = that I didn't invite her to my party (名詞子句) 無it則恢復原位

    = my not inviting her to my party (名詞片語) 無it則恢復原位

    2012-10-20 10:55:53 補充:

    如果要用because, 可用"it+OC":

    She thought it a deliverate insult because I didn't invite her to my party.

    = Because/As I didn't invite her to my party, she thought it a deliberate insult.

    這樣改寫會與原句語意有些許差別, 變成了because子句是副詞性質, 修飾thought.

    也就是說, 這個副詞子句是交待她這樣想的原因.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • rhody
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    這類句子的完整觀念,看這裡(3)

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    She thought my not inviting her to my party was a deliberate insult

    為何thought 後面是接所有格 my?

    thought的受詞是動名詞片語inviting her,而my是用來修飾inviting的,my不是因為thought而用了所有格。

    我可以這樣寫嗎

    she thought that it was a deliberate insult because I didn't invite her to my party.

    because...宜移到句前,讓句子的關係更清楚。因為這是她有這種想法的原因,而不是it was a deliberate insult的原因。即:Because I didn't invite her to my party, she thought that it was a deliberate insult.

    也可以不移動副詞子句,而在because前面加上逗號:She thought that it was a deliverate insult, because I didn't invite her to my party.

    2012-10-20 10:49:12 補充:

    其實她的反應和我的行為並不是直接的因果關係(而是因為她希望被邀,但未被邀,所以生氣,生氣是因為希望破滅,如果她不希望被邀,那麼她的反應會完全不同的),而是先後的時間關係。用when比because較合適。

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    she thought that she was not invited to my party was a deliberate insult.------

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