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artiste 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

"When asked"的省略問題

請問一下

When asked if he would come back, he didn't say anything.

When asked是When he was asked的縮寫,

When being asked if he would come back, he didn't say anything.

跟上一句是一樣的嗎? 上一句是這一句的縮寫?

照邏輯推來,He was late in the morning meeting after stuck in traffic. 這個句子應該也正確?

這種省略法在文法中歸類在那一部份? 還有類似的嗎?

已更新項目:

我的邏輯是: after stuck in traffic就是after he was stuck in traffic, 然後再縮寫為after being stuck in traffic,最後成為after stuck in traffic。這樣的話,似乎和When asked的文法一致? 這點還必須請大師再說明。

2 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    When asked if he would come back, he didn't say anything.

    When asked是When he was asked的縮寫,

    When being asked if he would come back, he didn't say anything.

    跟上一句是一樣的嗎? 上一句是這一句的縮寫?

    完全正確, 分詞構句如為被動語意, 分詞being常可省略, 保留被動語意的過去

    分詞(Vpp)即可.

    照邏輯推來,He was late in the morning meeting after stuck in traffic. 這個句子應該也正確?

    不正確.

    介系詞後面必須是名詞性質, after後面如拿掉being, 就不是名詞性質了;

    與上面那句不同的是, 這個being不是分詞(participle), 而是動名詞(gerund), 在介系詞後面是不可省略的.

    這種省略法在文法中歸類在那一部份? 還有類似的嗎?

    分詞being的省略是很常見的, 不僅是本例被動形式的分詞構句, 形容詞也是一樣, 例如:

    Being curious at what's inside, he went into the room.

    Being smart as he is, how can he be trapped?

    He is worried about this evidence being strong enough to convict him

    of murder.

    以上各句的being皆可省略.

    只有在表示或強調進行中的被動語意時, 不可省略being.

    例如:

    The rules restrict those existing buildings only, and are not applicable to

    the houses being constructed.

    這些規定只限制那些現有的樓宇, 而不適用於正在興建中的房子.

    2012-11-01 10:24:44 補充:

    關於Rhody大大指稱after stuck in traffic為「當然正確」, 我表示尊重, 但仍有所保留.

    分詞構句前所保留的從屬連接詞, 若為純粹的從屬連接詞性質諸如when, while, though/although, since(既然), if, as, even, even if, even though, unless, once, otherwise,....等, 這個分詞不論是Ving或Vpp都可以適用, 不成問題;

    2012-11-01 10:25:00 補充:

    不過, 若為兼作介系詞的從屬連接詞諸如before, after, since(自從), till/until...等保留在分詞構句前面時, 這個分詞應以Ving為主, 被動語意的Vpp前以不省略being為宜, 理由是這種從屬連接詞在分詞構句前面出現時, 其介系詞性質遠遠超過從屬連接詞性質, 後面的分詞片語自然轉變為動名詞片語, 亦即只能是Ving或being Vpp的形式, 否則不是正式英語.

    因此, 我認為after being stuck in traffic要比after stuck in traffic來得正式.

    2012-11-01 10:32:34 補充:

    以上見解, 同時也回答了版大所問「After stuck in traffic似乎和When asked的文法一致?」之說法, 而指出了差別.

    2012-11-01 11:27:55 補充:

    我找到了一個相關的講解:

    http://to31401.pixnet.net/blog/post/14232729-%E7%A...

    請把網頁拉下來閱第「七」節

    2012-11-01 11:35:29 補充:

    再拉下來看結語的第二節「三個特殊的連接詞」

    指出了"Before decorated"是錯誤的, "Before being decorated"才正確;

    也就是說, "After stuck in traffic"是錯誤的, "After being stuck in traffic"才正確.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
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  • rhody
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    When asked if he would come back, he didn't say anything.

    When asked是When he was asked的縮寫 ,

    When being asked if he would come back, he didn't say anything.

    跟上一句是一樣的嗎? 上一句是這一句的縮寫?

    照邏輯 推來,He was late in the morning meeting after stuck in traffic. 這個句子應該也正確 ?

    當然正確 ,after既可做為介詞,也可做為從屬連接詞

    由He was late in the morning meeting after he was stuck in traffic.省略而來的

    He was late in the morning meeting after stuck in traffic.即是保留從屬連接詞after的分詞構句。

    這種省略法在文法中歸類在那一部份 ? 還有類似的嗎?

    看這裡

    強調進行且被動的being PP,看這裡

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