昭毅 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

有關英文HELP一詞

有一題是這樣的

It is good to help your mom clean rooms

將此句改為動名詞開頭

那應該改成

Helping your mom clean rooms is good

還是

Helping your mom cleaning rooms is good

我覺得第1句怪怪的 因為這樣的話這句子不就有2個主要動詞嗎

請大大解惑 謝謝

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    It is good to help your mom clean rooms.

    先說help. 這個help可稱為準使役動詞, 它後面的受詞動作可為to Vr, 也可為Vr.

    也就是說, 句中的clean是可省略to的不定詞.

    此外, help後面的受詞動作也可以是分詞, 主動的用Ving, 被動的用Vpp.

    例如本句也可以寫為:

    It is good to help your mom cleaning rooms.

    只是大多數人在help後面都是用(to) Vr, 較少用分詞.

    再說虛主詞句型:

    It is good to help your mom clean rooms. (不定詞片語)

    It is good helping your mom clean rooms. (動名詞片語)

    It is good that you help your mom clean rooms. (名詞子句)

    這三句都正確, It是代位的虛主詞, 真實主詞是黃底部份. 當主詞太長時, 就用It代之, 主詞移到述部後面, 稱為「尾重原則」. 其中的clean維持原形式不變.

    當然, 不這麼做也是正確的, 亦即恢復它們原來的模樣:

    To help your mom clean rooms is good.

    Helping your mom clean rooms is good. <--- 版主發問要點, clean維持原形式不變.

    That you help your mom clean rooms is good. <---That不可省略.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • 8 年前

    Help的用法,就是help + 受詞+ to V(to 可省略)

    也就是說,help後頭,可接不定詞或原形動詞

    Helping your mom clean rooms is good. (O)

    這是正確的句子,您會感到困惑,是因為動詞clean前的to省略了。

    Helping your mom (to) clean rooms is good.

    常見的句型結構:

    (1)help somgbody to do something

    (2)help somebody do something

    (3)help somebody with something

    ex. Please help me (to) carry this heavy case down the stairs.

    ex. I am looking for someone to help me with my work.

  • 8 年前

    = It is good to help your mom ("to") clean rooms

    可省略

    是受到help的文法影響

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