NG
Lv 7
NG 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

maybe....could/will....

This old desk isn’t good enough to sell, but maybe we could give it to someone. Maybe Ali will come to class. 第一句的助動詞用過去式could,第二句用現在式will,第一句是跟與現在事實相反有關聯嗎?

已更新項目:

但是 maybe都已經表示 這件事情可能發生,也可能不發生,

所以第一句的could 表示事情發生的機更低嗎?

Azar 黑本 Fourth Edition p.62

May expresses a future possibility: maybe something will happen, and maybe it won't happen.

2 個已更新項目:

Ali may come to class tomorrow.

OR

Ali may not come to class tomorrow.

I don't know what he's going to do.

書本解釋:

the speaker is saying that maybe Ali will come to class, or maybe Ali will come to class, or maybe he won't come to class.The speaker is guessing.

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    could和would除了可以當can和will的過去式來用外,另外還有一種用法是當沒有時態變化的助動詞,只是要表達可能性不那麼肯定。

    第一句裡用的could就是表達[可能性不太確定]。

    第二句裡用的will就是表達[可能性較大]。

    請參閱Michael Swan著<牛津英語用法指南>第二版p.153 can與could可能性和較大可能性

    2012-12-01 14:50:54 補充:

    maybe是副詞,表示可能性。

    但can, could是助動詞,與can相比,could的不確定性較高。

    副詞可以配著助動詞來用:maybe can, maybe could。兩組中的maybe效力相等,差別在助動詞。

  • NG
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    但是 maybe都已經表示 這件事情可能發生,也可能不發生,

    所以第一句的could 表示事情發生的機更低嗎?

    Azar 黑本 Fourth Edition p.62

    May expresses a future possibility: maybe something will happen, and maybe it won't happen.

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