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西西亞 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

間接敘述的困惑 - 2

Sarah and Maris reassured me, "We can come tonight."

這句話課本給的解答如下:

『Sarah and Maria told me that they can come tonight.』

Q:請問這題有別的解答嗎?

因為我會很困惑,若是他這一天的間接敘述說不定已經過了『tonight』

還是說若是已經過了Sarah跟Maris描述的那晚,可以改成這樣↓

Sarah and Maria told me that they could come that night.

Q:那請問這樣還屬於間接敘述嗎?

=====================

Maggie said, "I really wish I had bought that new TV"

課本給的解答如下:

『Maggie told me that she really wishes she had bought that new TV.』

此部分我困惑的是, Maggie那時候希望他過去那時候有買那個新電視

Q:可是當轉述的時候,為什麼wish還是屬於現在式呢?

Q:不是應該是Maggie"那時候"希望嗎?

Q:那如果轉述者是描述他那時候希望,但現在不希望了呢?

還是wish的用法比較不同呢?

5 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    ***直接引敘句轉間接引敘句的變化規則:

    1. 一般現在式(Simple Present Tense)>>> 一般過去式 ( Simple Past Tense)

    2. 一般過去式 ( Simple Past Tense)>>> 過去完成式 ( Past Perfect Tense)

    3. 現在完成式 (Present Perfect Tense)>>>過去完成式 ( Past Perfect Tense)

    4. 過去完成式 ( Past Perfect Tense)>>>過去完成式 ( Past Perfect Tense) 不變

    5. 一般將來式( Future Tense)>>> 過去將來式(Past Future Tense)

    6. 現在進行式( Present Continuing Tense)>>> 過去進行式(Past Continuing Tense)

    7. 現在完成進行式(Present Perfect Continuing Tense)>>> 過去完成進行式(Past Perfect Continuing Tense)

    ***助動詞的轉變:

    shall >>> should, should >>> should ( 不變), will >>> would, would >>> would ( 不變), may >>> might, might >>> might ( 不變),can >>> could, could >>> could ( 不變),must >>> had to

    *** 時間的轉變:

    today >>> that day

    this morning/ afternoon >>> that morning/ afternoon

    yesterday >>> the day before/ the previous day

    tomorrow >>> the next day or the following day

    this week / month >>> that week / month

    last week/ week/ year >>> the week/ week/ year before

    next week/ year >>> the next week/ year

    ago >>> before

    now >>> then/ at the time

    so far >>> by then

    *** 地點的變化:

    here >>> there

    this/ these >>> that/ those

    To 小熙子:以上的相關資料,我可是打得好累的喔!您要用心學習,希望能幫上忙吧。至於其他的問題今天沒空回答了,贈點可給其他的回答朋友。^_^

    2012-12-14 17:38:23 補充:

    Sarah and Maris reassured me, "We can come tonight."

    這句話課本給的解答如下:

    正確:『Sarah and Maria told me that they could come that night.』

    2012-12-14 17:38:39 補充:

    Maggie said, "I really wish I had bought that new TV"

    課本給的解答如下:

    錯誤:『Maggie told me that she really wishes she had bought that new TV.』

    正確: :『Maggie told me that she really wished she had bought that new TV.』

    2012-12-14 21:27:03 補充:

    第一人稱的變化:

    I / we >>> he/ she/ they

    my/ our >> his/ her/ their

    me/ us >>> him/ her/ them

    mine/ ours >>> his / hers/ theirs

    myself/ ourselves >>> himself/ herself/ themselves

    2012-12-14 21:27:49 補充:

    其他重點提示

    1. 當直敘句子為感歎句時,轉換為間接語後,句末感歎號要改為句號。

    2. 如用在祈使句或請求句時,間接句要改成:told/ asked + S + to do.....( 否定句)not to do......

    2012-12-14 21:28:19 補充:

    例:The policeman said, " Please park your car here."

    The policeman told/ asked me to park my car there.

    The teacher shouted, " Don't play in the classroom."

    The teacher told us not to play in the classroom.

    參考資料: 文字機械人 =.
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  • 8 年前

    Allen

    這本叫做,文法超簡單系列 3

    是個外國人寫的

    2012-12-14 20:00:48 補充:

    怎麼辦,這本書的問題聽大家講起來 解答都是錯的呀

    作者叫做Robert Jahnert 教了7年英文

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  • 8 年前

    這是什麼爛課本,連基礎文法都搞得七葷八素。

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  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    Sarah and Maris reassured me, "We can come tonight."

    這句話課本給的解答如下:

    『Sarah and Maria told me that they can come tonight.』

    課本這樣寫的前提是在同一天晚上之前引述的, 因為時間還沒到, 所以時態維持原話語.

    如果那天已過, 引述就要用您所寫的:

    Sarah and Maria told me that they could come that night.

    間接敘述的標準答案並不是只有一個.

    2012-12-14 17:53:39 補充:

    Maggie said, "I really wish I had bought that new TV"

    課本給的解答如下:

    『Maggie told me that she really wishes she had bought that new TV.』

    課本的解答印錯, wishes要改為wished.

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  • 8 年前

    小弟弟,你應該還是高中生吧?

    要聽Suki姐姐的話喔!

    ^ _ ^

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