BOY 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

be動詞的位置

請教關係子句中be動詞的位置:

1.God would decide.

2.Who is the lord?

兩句合起來,是:God would decide whom is the lord.

還是God would decide whom the lord is.

何者為正確呢?請指教!!

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    請教關係子句中be動詞的位置:

    1.God would decide.

    2.Who is the lord?

    首先修正您的觀念: 這不是關係子句(形容詞子句), 而是間接問句(名詞子句).

    其次, be動詞應放在什麼位置, 關鍵在於看who是主詞還是主補(SC). be動詞要跟著主詞, 而非跟著SC.

    Who is the lord?

    <--- 您如回答此句(The lord is XXX), 便知the lord是主詞, who是SC.

    故間接問句寫法為:

    God would decide who the lord is.

    (the lord是子句主詞, who是SC, is在句尾)

    Who is the winner?

    <--- 您如回答此句(The winner is XXX), 便知the winner是主詞, who是SC.

    故間接問句寫法為:

    They will soon announce who the winner is.

    (the winner是子句主詞, who是SC, is在句尾)

    與另例作對照:

    Who is guilty?

    <--- 您如回答此句(Jack is guilty), 便知同位置的who是主詞.

    故間接問句寫法為:

    The jury will decide who is guilty.

    (who是子句主詞, is不在句尾)

    Who is going to leave?

    <--- 您如回答此句(Jack is going to leave), 便知同位置的who是主詞.

    故間接問句寫法為:

    Sally will decide who is going to leave.

    (who是子句主詞, is不在句尾)

    相信版主已獲得清楚的概念了.

    2012-12-20 14:49:16 補充:

    文法在全世界是一致的, 不會因為說話的對象不同而改變.

    2012-12-20 22:34:54 補充:

    回版主:

    文法書用哪一本不是重點, 重要的是你有沒有精讀它.

    我只在學生時代(年代久遠啦)研讀老柯的新英文法, 是學校指定的教科書.

    2012-12-21 17:53:52 補充:

    Well said, DSG.

    參考資料: 羅莉 - 英文文法
  • 7 年前

    God wold decide who the lord is ~~正確

    不過對亞洲人(尤其是大陸)

    建議用

    God would decide who is the lord

    參考資料: ME
  • 7 年前

    God would decide who the lord is.

    2012-12-20 12:31:10 補充:

    use "who" not "whom"

    2012-12-21 14:27:51 補充:

    In my opinion, majority of people who are English proficient, grammar book is just a reference to them. Very few of them would hold onto it as a bible in their using English. They learn their English by reading, listening, and speaking. No one will try to memorize grammar rule and vocabulary.

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