Sun 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文一堆的疑問 ?

被動語態的疑問 ,

Who did John talk to ?

→ Who was talked to by John ?

( 疑問詞為主詞 )

為什麼疑問詞是主詞 ? 疑問詞不是受詞嗎 ?

還有

Who made the cookies ?

→By whom were the cookies made ?

( 疑問詞為受詞 )

為什麼疑問詞是受詞 ? 疑問詞不是主詞嗎 ?

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答句的疑問 ,

A: Have you ever been to a baseball game ?

B: No, never. Have you ?

還是

B: No, never. Haven't you ?

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情緒動詞的疑問 ,

You will be surprised to see what happens.

還是

You will be surprised at seeing what happens.

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一個小問題,

Are there any books for me to read ? I'm quite bored here.

還是

Are there any books to read for me ? I'm quite bored here.

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小問題 ( 二 ),

Math is hard for most students to learn.

還是

Math is hard to learn for most students.

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小問題 ( 三 ),

It's important for you to remember.

還是

It's important to remember for you.

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小問題 ( 四 ),

It's a duty for every student to learn well.

還是

It's a duty to learn well for every student.

以上 謝謝解答 :)

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    Who did John talk to ?

    → Who was talked to by John ?

    ( 疑問詞為主詞 )

    為什麼疑問詞是主詞 ? 疑問詞不是受詞嗎 ?

    在被動態動詞的句子裡,動詞在形式上的主詞,其實是其邏輯上的受詞。所以第二句的who是形式上的主詞,而不是受詞。

    還有

    Who made the cookies ?

    →By whom were the cookies made ?

    ( 疑問詞為受詞 )

    為什麼疑問詞是受詞 ? 疑問詞不是主詞嗎 ?

    第二句在形式上的主詞是the cookies,而whom是介系詞by的受詞。

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    答句的疑問 ,

    A: Have you ever been to a baseball game ?

    B: No, never. Have you ?

    還是

    B: No, never. Haven't you ?

    應該是前者,因為是用與對方相同的句子在反問對方,所以保留相同的助動詞:Have you?

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

    情緒動詞的疑問 ,

    You will be surprised to see what happens.

    還是

    You will be surprised at seeing what happens.

    兩句都是正確的。

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    一個小問題,

    Are there any books for me to read ? I'm quite bored here.

    還是

    Are there any books to read for me ? I'm quite bored here.

    前一句才對。不定詞在邏輯上的主詞要用介系詞片語的方式寫在不定詞的前面:讓我去讀。第二句把for me放在to read的後面,表示[幫我去讀],句子有語病。

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    小問題 ( 二 ),

    Math is hard for most students to learn.

    還是

    Math is hard to learn for most students.

    第一句才對。

    前一句的狀況是:不定詞的邏輯主詞用介系詞片語方式寫在不定詞的前面。

    後一句的狀況是有語病:...幫大部的學生去學。必須把介系詞片語for most students移到句前,才能避免語病。For most students, math is hard to learn.

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    小問題 ( 三 ),

    It's important for you to remember.

    還是

    It's important to remember for you.

    前一句要補上remember的受詞才對,因為remember是及物動詞。不定詞的邏輯主詞用介系詞片語的方式寫在不定詞的前面。

    後一句的語病是:為了你的緣故而去記住XXX是很重要的。需要改成 For you, it is important to remember xxx.(=對你來說...)

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    小問題 ( 四 ),

    It's a duty for every student to learn well.

    還是

    It's a duty to learn well for every student.

    第一句才對。這裡的介系詞片語是duty的修飾語。

    另一種寫法是To learn well is a duty for every student.

    第二句有語病,to learn well for every student = 為了每一個學生而去好好學習。也是要移動成:For every student, it is a duty to learn well.

    副詞性的修飾語有時會有兩個可以修飾的對象,這會造成語病,所以必須移動位置,來避免語病(在句前的修飾語,必定是修飾述部的)。如:

    He said this afternoon he'd call me.(不確定this after是said或call的時間)

    This afternoon, he said he'd call me.(時間明確)

    He said he'd call me this afternoon.(時間明確)

  • 8 年前

    建議版主學英語,找好的文章看。 看了一句,就學一句。 明白意思,就照著用,千萬不要去想「我這樣改可不可以?」 每句都這樣想,很快你就糊塗了。

    有誰拿到別人的電話號碼 3715849,不去把這個號碼記起來,卻在嘴巴反覆唸 3715849、3571849、3857149、3187549..... 唸幾次後還能記得原始正確號碼?

    學英文也一樣。 這個版上很多發問者都犯有這種毛病,放著正確的不學,老想著這樣改行不行,那樣改對不對。這是自己找罪受,把簡簡單單的英語,弄複雜了!

  • 8 年前

    被動語態的疑問:

    Q1:Who did John talk to ? ( John在跟誰說話?)

    只是把它轉換成Who was talked to by John ? (誰和John說話)

    說的人是who,所以是主詞。

    Q2:Who made the cookies ? (誰製作這些餅乾?)

    只是把它轉換成By whom were the cookies made ? (這些餅乾是被誰做的?)

    被誰做的是受詞。

    答句的疑問:

    A: Have you ever been to a baseball game ?

    B應該是都可以哦!

    因為 Have you - 那你呢? 如果是 Haven't you - 你沒有嗎?

    情緒動詞的疑問:

    是You will be surprised at seeing what happens. 哦! 因為有個文法是說surprise後面的介係詞要+ at

    小問題(一):

    其實兩個類型都可以哦,因為都是針對「有書可以給我看嗎?」。不過正常幾乎都是 for me 在句尾。

    小問題(二)、(三)、(四):

    跟小問題(一)是一樣的解答。

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