Micky Mouse 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

關於border to片語的用法及相關句法

border to是國家和國家相接壤的片語,對其相關的例句有文法上的疑問:

A borders B to the south; C to the north.

從以上的例句中,將A、B、C三個國家的順序由北至南排列出來,並且應該如何以文法解釋才好?

5 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    Prisoner的理解是正確的, 但她的講解是不足的, 沒能使人融會貫通.

    A borders B to the south; C to the north.

    A向南與B接壤; 向北與C為鄰.

    由北至南依次是C、A、B.

    to the south是個可移動的副詞片語, 如果移動一下位置就完全明白:

    To the south, A borders B, while to the north, A borders C.

    A向南來說, 與B接壤; 向北來說, 與C為鄰.

    不過, 換個介系詞就完全相反了:

    A borders B on the south; C on the north.

    本句的意思是:

    A接壤於B的南邊; 相鄰於C的北邊.

    由北至南依次是B、A、C.

    請參閱Yahoo字典例句:

    The racecourse borders the city on the east. 賽馬場鄰接東城。

    城市劃分為東城與西城, 鄰接東城就是位於城市的東郊.

    2013-02-06 17:44:46 補充:

    Not Gambia, but San Marino.

    San Marino is also surrounded by Italy.

    2013-02-14 20:07:41 補充:

    介系詞to是具有指向性的, on則完全沒有此性質, 這是語意差別之所在.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    to 指面向與toward類似,所以B在A的南方----

    2013-02-06 16:41:40 補充:

    A borders B to the south; (A borders省略)C to the north.

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    A borders B to the south; C to the north.

    介系詞片語to the south用來修飾述部borders B,表示朝著這個方向。

    所以:A是以朝南的方向,與B接壤;以朝北的方向,與C接壤。

    Lesotho is a country surrounded by South Africa.

    2013-02-06 14:26:24 補充:

    The Vatican City (surrounded by Italy)

    Gambia (surrounded by Senegal, but facing the Atlantic Ocean)

  • 7 年前

    from N to S, the sequence is C, A, B.

    "A borders B to the <direction>" means

    from A's perspective, B is right next to A's <direction>.

    There is no ambiguity here. It is from A's (the subject) view point.

    2013-02-06 08:13:30 補充:

    Just for fun - do you know of a country borders to another country (one single country) in all direction?

    I will give away a kiss to the first one with right answer.

    2013-02-06 10:43:48 補充:

    她的講解是不足的, 沒能使人融會貫通??

    那是聽的人太笨了吧!

    2013-02-06 14:08:49 補充:

    Yahoo! Master Louis is right - Kingdom of Lesotho is indeed enclaved by SA.

    I hope you have brushed your teeth this AM, but here is a juicy kiss for you.

    But Lesotho is only 1 of the 3 enclave countries on Earth. Do you know the other 2?

    2013-02-06 21:56:49 補充:

    Hmm, knowledgeable indeed but no kisses.

    Yep, these 3 queendoms are the only 3 enclave countries totally surrounded by another single country.

    But do you know there are countries whose territory is separated (into multiple pieces) by another country.

    2013-02-14 12:10:57 補充:

    再等的話 投票大軍就又要來了啦

    逃命要緊了!

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  • 7 年前

    "A borders B to the south" is not a clear statement, because it can mean A is in the south of B or vice versa. I suggest to use

    The south border of A is B

    or

    B borders to the south of A

    If so, then B is located in south of A

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